Detail Article


ISSN 2301-5829

Vol. 5 / No. 2 / Published : 2016-02

Order : 2, and page :96 - 103

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Original Article :

Back to africa movement: a new historicist reading of lorraine hansberry’s drama a raisin in the sun

Author :

  1. Bayu Prakasa*1
  2. Titien Diah Soelistyarini*2
  1. Mahasiswa Fakultas Ilmu Budaya
  2. Dosen Fakultas Ilmu Budaya

Abstract :

This study aims  to  apply  Greenblatt’s New Historicism to analyze  Lorraine  Hansberry’s  A Raisin in the Sun, a drama about an African-American family named the Younger who had to deal with racial discrimination and segregation sometimes between 1945 and 1959. Interestingly, the drama also depicts the representation of Back to Africa Movement through the character of Joseph Asagai, who seems to personify Marcus Garvey, the proponent of Back to Africa Movement attempting to unite every single person with Negro blood to have pride in oneself and build a nation in African continent. Accordingly, this study investigates the relation between the story and the historicity of the drama with its representation and subjectivity that the playwright builds in her work towards the issue of Back to Africa Movement. Employing qualitative research method, this study reveals that the portrayal of racism in the drama is the projection of the playwright’s own racial experience during her childhood. This study also shows that in portraying the Back to Africa Movement, Hansberry implied a propaganda to encourage African Americans to fight for equality in America rather than to follow Garvey’s call to go back to Africa. Hansberry’s close relation to such African American figure as WEB DuBois may explain her subjectivity regarding her support for NAACP that worked for racial equality in the United States.

Keyword :

african-american, back to africa movement, racism, representation, subjectivity,

References :

  1. Ardian, Rizky, (2011). The Genocide of Rwanda in Terry George’s Hotel Rwanda: A New Historicism Study. - : Surabaya: Universitas Airlangga
  2. Dagnini, J.K, (2008). Marcus Garvey: A Controversial Figure in the History of Pan-Africanism. 198-208 : The Journal of Pan African Studies 2.3. (March 2008)
  3. Thompson, Daniel C, (1974). Sociology of the Black Experience. - : Greenwood Press: London

Archive Article

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Volume : 5 / No. : 2 / Pub. : 2016-02
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