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Detail Article

Anglicist

ISSN 2301-5837

Vol. 4 / No. 2 / Published : 2015-08

TOC : 7, and page :110 - 122

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Original Article :

A study on the lexical items related to gender categories in betty schrampfer azar’s grammar book

Author :

  1. Syarifah Ainun Afiz*1
  2. Deny Arnos Kwary*2
  1. Mahasiswa Fakultas Ilmu Budaya
  2. Dosen Fakultas Ilmu Budaya

Abstract :

This study aims at determining the lexical items related to gender categories. The data are taken from the grammar book entitled Understanding and Using English Grammar by Betty Schrampfer Azar. This grammar book has been used widely all over the world and is the compulsory textbook at the English Department of Airlangga University. The writer investigated the words that Azar used in making sentences in her book. The words were then related to the gender categories. The gender categories are divided into social gender and lexical gender based on Fuertes-Olivera (2007). The words analysed were the nouns and the verbs because they are the main word classes in the English language. These nouns and verbs were classified according to Dixon (2005). According Dixon’s theory, nouns are classified into five: concrete reference, abstract reference, states and properties, activities and speech acts; whereas, verbs are divided into Primary A and Primary B. The data were analysed using the corpus software called AntConc. The result shows that Azar tries to show gender equity by relating men to more nouns that are associated with family members. Azar also tries to show the gender equity by relating both the words on jobs and works to both men and women. The similar result is obtained for verbs, in which Azar associated more active verbs with women than men.

Keyword :

social gender, lexical gender, lexical items, corpus linguistics,


References :

  1. Philips, D. K., and Vicki A. Wilson, (2009). Gambling and Gender: Men and Women at Play. New York : Peter Lang Publishing


   


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