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Critical, Medical & Surgical Nursing Journal

ISSN 2355-1992

Vol. 3 / No. 1 / Published : 2014-10

TOC : 12, and page :102 - 110

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Original Article :

Deep breathing exercise in improving physical changes in pulmonarytuberculosis patients

Author :

  1. Muhamad Ihlasul Amal*1
  2. Kusnanto*2
  3. Tiyas Kusumaningrum*3
  1. Mahasiswa Fakultas Keperawatan
  2. Dosen Fakultas Keperawatan
  3. Dosen Fakultas Keperawatan

Abstract :

Introduction: Pulmonary Tuberculosis is caused by Mycrobacterium Tuberculosis lead to lung parenchymal inflammation and reduce the total functional lung. Deep breathing exercises (DBE) is a pulmonary rehabilitation that can be used as an alternative method to maintain the lung function of patients with pulmonary tuberculosis. Methods: This study used a quasy experiments design. The population was all patients with pulmonary tuberculosis in Puskesmas Perak Timur Surabaya. The sample was selected using purposive sampling technique. DBE is the independent variable. The dependent variable were the physical changes include peak expiratoty flow rate (PEFR), oxygen saturation, respiratory rate (RR), breath sounds, and dyspnea. Data was collected by observation tools (pulse oximetry, peak flow meters). Data was analyzed using Independent T-test, Paired T-test, Chi Square, and McNemar. Results: The results showed a significant change in breath sounds (p=0,031) and dyspnea (p=0.031) after given DBE, but no significant difference in PEFR (p=0.155), oxygen saturation (p=0,730) and respiratory rate (p=0.125) after given DBE. Conclusions: Nurses can use the DBE as respiratory management intervention in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis and as a basis for making SOP DBE in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis.

Keyword :

pulmonary tuberculosis, deep breathing exercise, respiratory rate, peak expiratory flow rate, oxygen saturation,

References :

  1. Alsagaff, H & Mukty, A., (2006). Dasar-Dasar Ilmu Penyakit Paru. Surabaya : Airlangga University Press
  2. Andarmoyo, S, (2012). Kebutuhan Dasar Manusia (Oksigenasi), Konsep, Proses, dan Praktik Keperawatan. Yogyakarta : Graha Ilmu
  3. Danusantoso, H, (2012). Buku Saku Ilmu Penyakit Paru, edisi 2. Jakarta : EGC
  4. Hussain, G, Zafar, S, CH, AA, CH, ZA, Ahmad, MZ, (2007). Comparative Study of Peak Expiratory Flow Rate in Cigarette Smokers and Non-Smokers of Lahore District. vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 255-259 : ANNALS
  5. Lasmana, PD, (2010). Perbedaan Nilai Arus Puncak Ekspirasi Antara Polisi Satlantas dengan Polisi Bagian Administrasi, Skripsi Dipublikasikan. Solo : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret


Archive Article

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Volume : 3 / No. : 1 / Pub. : 2014-10
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