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Indonesian Journal of Clinical Pathology and Medical Laboratory

ISSN 0854-4263

Vol. 19 / No. 1 / Published : 2012-01

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Original Article :

Pulmonary cryptosporidiosis in hiv and aids

Author :

  1. JS. Hutagalung*1
  2. R. Heru Prasetyo*2
  3. Erwin Astha Triyono*3
  1. Departemen Parasitologi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Airlangga
  2. Departemen Parasitologi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Airlangga,Program Studi D3 Analis Medis Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Airlangga,Institute of Tropical Disease – Universitas Airlangga
  3. Institute of Tropical Disease – Universitas Airlangga,Departemen Penyakit Dalam FK UNAIR / RSUD Dr. Soetomo Surabaya

Abstract :

  Although the prevalence of intestinal cryptosporidiosis in Indonesian HIV and AIDS patients were high, however the prevalence of pulmonary cryptosporidiosis have not been previously reported. The objective of this study was to know the determination of the pulmonary cryptosporidiosis prevalence in HIV and AIDS patients with pulmonary symptom that was treated in Dr.Soetomo General Hospital Surabaya. The detection of Cryptosporidium in sputum samples used modified versien acid fast stain of Ziehl Neelsen technique. In  this study was found that  three (3) of the eight (8) sputum samples (37.5%) of  ≥ 55 years old and CD4 ≤ 70  HIV and AIDS patients were Cryptosporidium positive. Based on this study the HIV and AIDS patients with pulmonary symptoms should be suspect having  the possibility of pulmonary cryptosporidiosis beside suffered  tuberculosis.     Jumlah penderita penyakit cryptosporidiosis usus di penderita HIV dan AIDS di Indonesia tinggi, tetapi jumlah  penderita penyakit cryptosporidiosis paru di penderita sejenis belum pernah dilaporkan. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui jumlah penderita penyakit cryptosporidiosis paru di penderita HIV dan AIDS dengan keluhan paru yang sedang rawat inap di RSUD Dr. Soetomo Surabaya. Pemeriksaan Cryptosporidium di sampel dahak dilakukan dengan cara pengecatan tahan asam modifikasi Zeihl Neelsen. Pada penelitian ini ditemukan tiga dari delapan (8) sampel dahak (37,5%) berasal dari penderita yang berumur ≥55 th dan jumlah CD4-nya ≤ 70 menunjukkan Cryptosporidium positif. Didasari penelitian ini dapat disimpulkan bahwa penderita HIV dan AIDS dengan keluhan paru, selain dicurigai tuberkulosis harus juga diduga kemungkinan mengidap cryptosporidiosis paru.

Keyword :

HIV and AIDS, pulmonary symptom, sputum sample, tuberculosis, pulmonary cryptosporidiosis,


References :

  1. Lew EA, Poles MA, Dieterich DT, (1997). Diarrheal Diseases Associated with HIV Infection. North America : Gastroenterology Clinica of North America
  2. Satheesh KS, Laksmi AS, (2005). Intestinal Parasitic Infection in HIV Infected Patients with Diarrhoea in Chennai. India : Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
  3. Gilson I, Buggy BP, (1996). Cryptosporidiosis in Patients with HIV Diseases. Milwaukee : HIV Newsline, WinconsinAIDS Research Consurtium Milwaukee
  4. Opportunistic Protozoan Diarrhea, (2003). Opportunistic Protozoan Diarrhea. USA : J HIV Ther
  5. Wiwanitkit V, (2001). Intestinal Parasitic Infection in Thai HIV-Infected Patients with Different Immunity Status. USA : BMC Gastroenterology


   


Archive Article

Cover Media Content

Volume : 19 / No. : 1 / Pub. : 2012-01
  1. Pulmonary cryptosporidiosis in hiv and aids
  2. Aerob bacteria and antimicrobial susceptibility
  3. Plasma volume and factor viii in cryoprecipitated
  4. Comparation measurement triglycerides, glycerol blanking and non glycerol blanking in liver cirrhosis
  5. The residue of leukocyte in thrombocyte concentrate
  6. Antimicrobial sensitivity of blood culture in neonatal sepsis
  7. Neutrophils lymphocyte ratio in acute appendicitis
  8. Curcuma zedoaria and morinda citrifolia as hepatoprotector against carbontetrachloride
  9. Mean platelet volume in stroke
  10. Dengue serotypes distribution in surabaya in the year 2012
  11. M.tuberculosis in innate immunity associated with the receptors
  12. Ovarian dysgerminomas cancer
  13. Information system in laboratory services