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Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi)

ISSN 1978-3728

Vol. 47 / No. 4 / Published : 2014-12

TOC : 8, and page :211 - 214

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Original Article :

Antibacterial effect of mouth washes containing chlorhexidine, povidone iodine, fluoride with zinc supplementation on plaque polybacteria, streptococcus mutans and porphyromonas gingivalis

Author :

  1. Betadion Rizki Sinaredi*1
  2. Seno Pradopo*2
  3. Teguh Budi Wibowo*3
  1. Dosen Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi
  2. Dosen Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi
  3. Dosen Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi

Abstract :

Background: Caries and periodontal disease prevalence in Indonesian children are still high. Some efforts can be done to overcome the problem; one of them is the use of mouthwash. The mouthwashes that commercially available in market are chlorhexidine, povidone Iodine and Fluoride with Zinc supplementation. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the anti bacterial effect of the mouthwashes chlorhexidine, povidone iodine and fluoride with zinc supplementation against mix bacteria that found in the plaque, Streptococcus mutans and Porphyromonas gingivalis. Methods: The antibacterial effect was measured using disk diffusion test. The bacteria samples (plaque polybacteria, S.mutans and P. gingivalis) were inoculated and spread in the petridish containing MHA. Paper discs containing the mouthwashes were placed in the petridish and incubated for 24 hours at 37oC (anaerobe for P. gingivalis, aerobe for S. mutans and polybacteria). The diameter of inhibition zone surrounding the paper discs were measured and compared between each active ingredient contained in mouthwash. Results: Chlorhexidine had the strongest antibacterial effect than povidone iodine and fluoride. Chlorhexidine was more effective to inhibited the growth of S. mutans than to polybacteria or P.Gingivalis, while Povidone iodine and fluoride were more effective to inhibited the growth of polybacteria. Conclusion: The mouthwash chlorhexidine was more effective to inhibit the growth of plaque polybacteria, Streptoccous mutans and Porphyromonas gingivalis compared with povidone iodine and fluoride with zinc supplementation. 

Keyword :

Mouthwash, chlorhexidine, fluoride, povidone iodine, Streptococcus mutans,


References :

  1. Cheung HY , (2012). Differential actions of chlorhexidine on the cell wall of Bacillus subtilis and Escherichia coli. - : PLoS One


   


Archive Article

Cover Media Content

Volume : 47 / No. : 4 / Pub. : 2014-12
  1. The differences of orthodontic tooth movement on menstrual and ovulation cycle
  2. The prevalences of early childhood caries and severe early childhood caries in preschool children at gunung anyar surabaya
  3. Indirect pulp capping in primary molar using glass-ionomer cements
  4. Microleakage of conventional, resin-modified, and nano-ionomer glass ionomer cement as primary teeth filling material
  5. Initial acquisition age of mutas streptococci and number of erupted primary teeth in children
  6. The antibacterial effect of propolis additional to zinc oxide eugenol and zinc oxide on polybacteria of necrotic primary molar
  7. Enamel micro hardness of young permanent tooth after bleaching and remineralization paste application
  8. Antibacterial effect of mouth washes containing chlorhexidine, povidone iodine, fluoride with zinc supplementation on plaque polybacteria, streptococcus mutans and porphyromonas gingivalis
  9. Garlic (allium sativum) extract toxicity test on fibroblast cell culture
  10. Relationship between tweed triangle and the position of upper lip and lower lip to esthetic line