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Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi)

ISSN 1978-3728

Vol. 45 / No. 4 / Published : 2012-12

TOC : 8, and page :217 - 220

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Original Article :

Antibacterial efficacy of salvadora persicaas a cleansing teeth towards streptococcus mutansand lactobacilli colonies

Author :

  1. Erlina Sih Mahanani*1
  2. Mohd Fadhli Khamis*2
  3. Erry Mochamad Arief*3
  4. Siti nabilah Mat rippin*4
  5. Zainul Ahmad Rajion*5
  1. Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi
  2. Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi
  3. School of Dental Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia
  4. School of Dental Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia
  5. School of Dental Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia

Abstract :

Background: Salvadora persica is a traditional chewing stick for cleaning teeth that it is known Siwak. Several studies have demonstrated the antimicrobial effects of Salvadora persica. Purpose: This study was aimed to examine the effectiveness of Salvadora  persica in several modified preparation against the salivary Streptoccocus mutans and Lactobacilli. Methods: A single-blind, randomized  clinical trial study with crossover design was used. The study comprised of 5 groups, per group consisted of 14 healthy dental students  who had good oral hygiene. Each participant was given 5 intervention to clean their teeth using, electric toothbrush modified with  siwak, electric toothbrush with siwak toothpaste (colgate kayu sugi toothpaste), electric toothbrush with general toothpaste (colgate  total toothpaste), original siwak chewing stick and normal saline. The wash out periode each intervention was 3 days. Patients’ saliva  was used to quantify the levels of Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacilli using caries risk test (CRT) kit from Vivadent. Results: The  results showed that there was a reduction in Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacilli risk score after cleansing different intervention  except electric toothbrush modified with siwak. However, there was no significant difference for Streptococcus mutans (p=0.158) and  Lactobacilli (p=0.396) risk score reduction when comparison was done between the groups. Conclusion: The original siwak chewing  stick has antimicrobial effects similar to toothbrushing with general toothpaste and salvadora persica toothpaste. However, electric toothbrush modified with siwak has no effect on microbial reduction.

Keyword :

Salvadora persica, Siwak, Streptococcus mutans,


References :

  1. Al-Otaibi M, (2004). The siwak (chewing stick) and oral health. Studies on oral hygiene practices of urban Saudi Arabians.. - : Swed Dent J Suppl


   


Archive Article

Cover Media Content

Volume : 45 / No. : 4 / Pub. : 2012-12
  1. The role of actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans fimbrial adhesin on mmp-8 activity in aggressive periodontitis pathogenesis
  2. Aesthetic treatment on anterior teeth crown fracture caused by dental trauma
  3. Molecular characterization of interleukin-1a (+4845) gtgene in aggresive periodontitis patients
  4. Antitumor activity of intratumoral injection of pcdna3.1-p27kip1mt followed by in vivo electroporation in a malignant burkitt’s lymphoma cell xenograft
  5. The effect of nickel as a nickel chromium restoration corrosion product on gingival fibroblast through analysis of bcl-2
  6. Inhibition of dental plaque formation by toothpaste containing propolis
  7. Inhibition effect of cashew stem bark extract (anacardium occidentale l.) on the inhibition of biofilm formation of streptococcus sanguinis
  8. Antibacterial efficacy of salvadora persicaas a cleansing teeth towards streptococcus mutansand lactobacilli colonies
  9. Pomegranate juice as an ideal mouthrinse for fixed orthodontic patients
  10. The increasing of fibroblast growth factor 2, osteocalcin, and osteoblast due to the induction of the combination of aloe vera and 2% xenograft concelous bovine
  11. The ph changes of artificial saliva after interaction with oral ph changes of artificial saliva after interaction with oral changes of artificial saliva after interaction with oral micropathogen