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Detail Article

Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi)

ISSN 1978-3728

Vol. 43 / No. 2 / Published : 2010-06

TOC : 8, and page :81 - 90

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Original Article :

Dental modificantions: a prespective of indonesia chronology and the current applications

Author :

  1. Rusyad Adi Suriyanto*1
  2. Toetik Koesbardiati *2
  1. Laboratory of Bioanthropology and Paleoanthropology, Gadjah Mada University Faculty of Medicine
  2. Faculty of Social and Political Sciences Department of Anthropology, and Department of Anatomy and Histology Section/ Laboratory of Physical Anthropology, Airlangga University Faculty of Medicine Surabaya – Indonesia

Abstract :

Background: Dental modifications are one of the forms of initiation rite. Thus  tradition can be found in all of Indonesian regions, even in South East Asia, in previous era. Modes and dentistry, as a culture product, including its modifications or decorations toward body and teeth have appeared in present day, such as tattoo and decorations on teeth which are taken particular model and superimpose or inculcate ornament of jewel, diamond, gold and others. The first research aim is to describe how functions of modifications on teeth represent cultural affinity and population of biologic affinity that accompany it from time to time; starting from prehistoric period to present day, especially in Indonesian region. The second aim is to submit applicable proposal that is useful for medical area, particularly in dentistry. Method: The research materials include teeth of the adult human skulls of Java, Balinese, and East Nusa Tenggara from some paleoanthropological–archaeological sites, as well as isolated permanent dental sample from modern Balinese population. The methods used are visual comparative descriptive method, and browsed through ethnographic and archaeological classic literatures. Result: Chronologically, dental modifications as reference to the pattern of migration and the domination of the culture in the past, and these facts indicate to the biological affinity and indicate to how the culture influences other culture. Conclusion: Some effects of the practices of dental modifications are the emergence of some diseases. Therefore, it is necessary for the agent of health and the traditional practitioner to be aware when they practice the dental modifications. Nevertheless, on the other side, based on explanations the research results, it is clear that dental modifications provide broader knowledge, because it has a very long journey of migration history, occupancy, and culture in this Indonesian Archipelago, which stretches from the period of about ten thousand years ago until now. This knowledge can be used for either practical purposes of medicine and dentistry even forensic. Thus, it is also useful in forensic identification, as guidance with cultural background such as certain patterns of dental modifications cannot be disregarded. In the same way, patterns of modifications either intentional or unintentional can give a guidance to strengthen identification.

Keyword :

Dental modifications, Indonesian chronology, medicine and dentistry applications, Australomelanesoid, Mongoloid,

References :

  1. von Jhering H. , (0000). Die Künstliche Deformirung der Zähne. - : Zeitschrift für Ethnologie


Archive Article

Cover Media Content

Volume : 43 / No. : 2 / Pub. : 2010-06
  1. Intregrated Orofacial Therapy In Chronic Rhinosinusitis Management For Children With Sleep Bruxism
  2. Erythema multiforme as the result of taking carbamazepine
  3. Tensile bond strength of hydroxyethyl methacrylate dentin bonding agent on dentin surface at various drying techniques
  4. The efficacy of honey solution as plaque reducing agent
  5. Optimum dose of 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate based bonding material on pulp cells toxicity
  6. Ankylosis of the temporomandibular joint and mandibular growth disturbance caused by neglected condylar fracture in chilhood
  7. The effect of monofluorophosphate implant in white rat mothers towards the level of fluor in the incisors of the young babies (rattus-rattus)
  8. Early removal of  odontoma resulting in spontaneous eruption of  the impacted  teeth
  9. Dental modificantions: a prespective of indonesia chronology and the current applications
  10. Enamel defect of deciduous teeth in small for gestational age children
  11. Integrated orofacial therapy in chronic rhinosinusitis management for children with sleep bruxism
  12. The apical leakage of mineral trioxide agregate as the retrograde filling material with various mixing agents