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Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi)

ISSN 1978-3728

Vol. 40 / No. 3 / Published : 2007-07

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Original Article :

Prevalence of xerostomia on type 2 diabetes mellitus in hajj surabaya

Author :

  1. Kus Harijanti*1
  2. Bagus Soebadi*2
  3. Irvanda Mulyaningsih*3
  1. Departement of Oral Medicine
    Faculty of Dentistry Airlangga University
    Surabaya – Indonesia
  2. Departement of Oral Medicine
    Faculty of Dentistry Airlangga University
    Surabaya – Indonesia
  3. Student
    Faculty of Dentistry Airlangga University
    Surabaya – Indonesia

Abstract :

Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a chronic disorder carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism. A defective or deficient of the insulin secretory, which is translated into impaired carbohydrate (glucose) use, is characteristic feature of DM, as the resultant is hyperglycemia. There is variability among patients, however, morphologic changes are likely found in arteries (atherosclerosis), basement membrane of the blood vessel wall tissues (micro angiopathy), kidneys (diabetic nephropathy), retina (retinopathy), nerves (neuropathy) and other tissues. If it involves salivary glands, the clinical sign is xerostomia. The type 2 of DM is caused by a combination of peripheral resistance to insulin action and an inadequate secretory response of the pancreatic β-cell. Approximately 80% to 90% of patients have type 2 diabetes. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of xerostomia and its relation with level of blood glucose in type 2 DM. The data was taken using cross sectional method on the diabetic patients of Internal Medicine clinic, Hajj Hospital Surabaya from February to March 2006. The result showed among 50 samples of the type 2 DM, the prevalence of xerostomia were 38 patients (76%), most of the patients (32 patients=84%) on bad regulation of DM with level of fasting glucose ≥ 126mg/dl and level of post prandial glucose ≥ 180mg/dl. It showed that bad regulation of type 2 DM could develop complication on salivary glands, with xerostomia as the clinical sign.

Keyword :

xerostomia, diabetes mellitus type 2,


References :



       


    Archive Article

    Cover Media Content

    Volume : 40 / No. : 3 / Pub. : 2007-09
    1. Sealing Ability Of Hydroxyapatite As A Root Canal Sealer: In Vitro Study
    2. Jaw Locking After Maxillofacial Trauma
    3. New Insight In Pediatric Dentistry: Preventive Dentistry In Allergy Management Protocol
    4. The Pattern Of P53 Gene Mutations On Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma
    5. The Difference Of Tensile Bond Strength Between Total Etch And Self Etch Dentin Bonding On Dentin Surface
    6. The Microbiological Detection Of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis From Oral Lesion
    7. Antibacterial Force Of The Luting-type Of Glass Ionomer Cement Toward Lactobacillus Species And Streptococcus Mutans
    8. Prevalence Of Xerostomia On Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus In Hajj Surabaya
    9. Accuracy Of A Fourth Generation Apex Locator-an In Vitro Evaluation
    10. The Effect Of Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride Application On Dental Enamel Surfaces Hardness
    11. The Determination Of Phenazone In Blood Plasma For Obtained Sistem Suitable Test Of Monitoring Drug Level