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Detail Article

Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi)

ISSN 1978-3728

Vol. 47 / No. 2 / Published : 2014-06

TOC : 5, and page :82 - 86

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Original Article :

Reduction of salivary mutans streptococci in children with fixed orthodontic appliance after yoghurt consumption

Author :

  1. Dewi Anggreani Bibi*1
  2. Udijanto Tedjosasongko*2
  3. Irmawati*3
  1. Departemen Ilmu Kedokteran Gigi Anak , Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya - Indonesia
  2. Dosen Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi
  3. Dosen Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi

Abstract :

Background: Orthodontic treatment using fixed appliances in children increases with the case of malocclusion in Indonesia. The patients with fixed orthodontics have higher risks of caries. Purpose:The study was aimed to examine the influences short term daily consumption fruit-flavored yoghurt on salivary mutans Streptococci in pediatric patients during orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances. Methods: This was an experimental laboratory study with a double-blind randomized crossover design. The subjects were 26 children in range of age 11 to 15 years old who were under orthodontic treatment using fixed appliances. Subjects were divided into 2 (two) groups which consist of 13 children each. Group A were asked to consumed a 150 ml of yoghurt Bifidobacterium bifidum and Lactobacillus acidophilus once a day for 2 weeks, while group B were asked to consumed milk once a day for the same period of time. After “washout” period for 2 weeks, the subjects of group A and B crossed over the drink, group A was asked to consumed milk and group B was asked to consumed yoghurt for another 2 weeks. Before and after consuming yoghurt or milk, the subject’s saliva samples were taken and the colonies of mutans Streptococci were counted on TYC media. results:Statistical analysis showed that on subjects who consumed yoghurt the colony number of mutans Streptococci reduced significantly (p < 0.05). Conclusion:Short-term daily consumption of the probiotic yoghurt containing Bifidobacterium bifidum bacteria and Lactobacillus acidophilus could reduce the number of salivary mutans streptococci in pediatric patient during orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances.  

Keyword :

Probiotic yoghurt, children, mutans Streptococci, Bifidobacterium bifidum, Lactobacillus acidophillus,

References :

  1. Tahmourespour A , (2011). The effect of a probiotic strain (Lactobacillus acidophillus) on the plaque formation of oral streptococci. - : . Bosn J Basic Med Sci


Archive Article

Cover Media Content

Volume : 47 / No. : 2 / Pub. : 2014-06
  1. Characteristic evaluation of rice husk ash with chitosan high molecule nanoparticle as dentinogenesis material
  2. The relationship determination between menarche and the peak of skeletal maturation using hand wrist and cervical vertebrae inde
  3. The maturition and eruption of permanent teeth in mixed dentition children
  4. Surgical exposure and orthodontic treatment on labially impacted maxillary central incisor
  5. Reduction of salivary mutans streptococci in children with fixed orthodontic appliance after yoghurt consumption
  6. Application of social learning theory in the management of children dental fear and anxiety
  7. Correcting occlusal vertical dimension using modified stainless steel crown restoration in severe-early-childhood-caries case
  8. Correction of posterior and anterior crossbite using fixed orthodontic appliance with rapid maxillary expansion and intermaxillary elastic
  9. Iron exposure to specific protein expression of extracellular polymeric substance (eps) of aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans biofilm
  10. Topical applications effect of casein phospho peptide-amorphous calcium phosphate and sodium fluoride on salivary mutans streptococci in children
  11. The characterization of stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth using trypsin enzym