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Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi)

ISSN 1978-3728

Vol. 38 / No. 4 / Published : 2005-10

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Original Article :

The effect of different concentrations of neem (azadiractha indica) leaves extract on the inhibition of streptococcus mutans (in vitro)

Author :

      Abstract :

      The Neem plant has a history for treating gum and teeth problems and this plant is used for oral care in India. The active component (Azadirachta indica) has been proven to exhibit antibacterial properties. The objective of this study was to determine the influence of different concentrations of Neem leaves extract on the inhibition of Streptococcus mutans. Neem leaves extract at concentrations of 10%, 20%, 40%, 60%, 80%, and 100% was prepared. Fifty milliliters of each concentration were dropped into holes of 6 millimeters in diameter on a MHA agar that has been inoculated with Streptococcus mutans. Distilled water was used as a control. After 24 hours of incubation, the inhibition diameters were measured and analyzed. The statistical results of the one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) illustrated that the different concentrations of Neem extract had a significant influence on the inhibition of Streptococcus mutans. This was followed with the Least Significant Difference (LSD) which implied that there were significant differences between all the concentrations of Neem leaves extract used in this experiment. The conclusion of this study was that Neem leaves extract exhibited antibacterial effect towards Streptococcus mutans and different concentration of Neem leaves extract influenced the inhibition of Streptococcus mutans.

      Keyword :

      azadirachta indica, streptococcus mutans, antibacterial ,


      References :



           


        Archive Article

        Cover Media Content

        Volume : 38 / No. : 4 / Pub. : 2005-12
        1. Problem in the surgical correction of long-face with vertical open bite
        2. The Effect Of Different Concentrations Of Neem (azadiractha Indica) Leaves Extract On The Inhibition Of Streptococcus Mutans (in Vitro)
        3. The Molecular Changing Mechanism Of Ampicillin-sulbactam Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Towards Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus
        4. Elimination Of Oral Focal Infection: A New Solution In Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Management?
        5. The Efficacy Of Clorhexidine 0.2% After Scaling In Marginal Gingivitis
        6. Deciduous Teeth Eruption In Full And Mosaic Type Of Down’s Syndrome Patient
        7. Post Core Restoration After An Endodontic Treatment
        8. The Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis' Healing Duration Differences In Female Students Between The Sufferer And Non Sufferer Of Chicken Pox
        9. Root Canal Overfilling As An Influencing Factor For The Success Of Endodontic Treatment
        10. Comparison Of Recognition About Denture Adhesive Between Japanese And Indonesian Dentists: A Pilot Study
        11. The Graptophyllum Pictum Extract Effect On Acrylic Resin Complete Denture Plaque Growth