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Folia Medica Indonesiana

ISSN 0303-7932

Vol. 51 / No. 1 / Published : 2015-01

TOC : 6, and page :31 - 34

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Original Article :

Correlation between exclusive breastfeeding and the incidence of allergy amongst children age ≥ 5 years old in the department of paediatric, dr. soetomo hospital, surabaya

Author :

  1. Abdillah Muhammad*1
  1. Mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran

Abstract :

The association between breastfeeding and the risk of allergy diseases in Indonesian children is still unclear. Some studies supportthe theory of a decreased risk of allergic diseases due to breastfeeding, while others have failed to confirm such a protective effect.The aim of this case-control study was to investigate the association between breastfeeding and the prevalence of allergy diseases. Inthis case control study, total sampling was taken from The Department of Pediatric in Dr. Soetomo Hospital Surabaya from January2011-January 2012. There are 92 data which are suitable with inclusion criteria. Of the 92 samples, there were 50 allergy patientsand 42 non allergy patients. There are 34 patients exposed to exclusive breastfeeding, and 66 patients without exposure to exclusivebreastfeeding. Statistical analysis was conducted and the result was exclusive breastfeeding is not correlated with allergy status.(p=0.502). Child number status is not correlated with occurrence of allergy (p=4.536). Maternal allergy status correlated withchild’s allergy status (p=0.022). The child’s sex is not correlated with occurrence of allergy (p=0.124). Age correlated with theoccurrence of allergy (p<0.001). Breastfeeding status is proven not correlated to allergy status. However, history of maternal allergyand age has a significant correlation with the risk of allergy disease. (FMI 2015;51:31-34)

Keyword :

allergy, exclusive breastfeeding, children,


References :

  1. Benn CS, Wohlfahrt J, Aaby P, Westergaard T, Benfeldt E, Michaelsen KF, Björkstén B, Melbye M , (2004). Breastfeeding and risk of atopic dermatitis, by parental history of allergy, during the first 18 months of life. 160, 217-223 : Am J Epidemiol
  2. Burr ML, Butland BK, King S, Vaughan-Williams E , (1989). Changes in asthma prevalence: two surveys 15 years apart. 64, 1452-1456 : Arch Dis Child


   


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Volume : 51 / No. : 1 / Pub. : 2015-01
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