Detail Article

Folia Medica Indonesiana

ISSN 0303-7932

Vol. 47 / No. 1 / Published : 2011-01

Order : 5, and page :20 - 24

Related with : Scholar   Yahoo!   Bing

Original Article :

Decrease of cross shift and cross week blood cholinesterase activity in pesticide sprayer of onion farmers

Author :

  1. Dwi Sulaksono*1
  2. Soedjajadi Keman *2
  1. Department of Environmental Health Faculty of Public Health, Airlangga University
  2. Department of Environmental Health Faculty of Public Health, Airlangga University

Abstract :

Exposed to organophosphate and carbamate pesticides may lead to decrease of blood cholinesterase activity. Therefore, the aim of this study was to measure decrease level of cholinesterase in pesticide sprayer of onion farmers who exposed to organophosphate and carbamate pesticides. This study was designed as a cross-sectional observational study. Number of sample was 41 onion farmers taken by simple random sampling technique, consisting of 21 pesticide sprayers and 20 non-spraying farmers who live in Sukorejo Village, Rejoso Subdistrict, Nganjuk Regency, East Java, Indonesia. Data were collected by conducting a self administered questionnaire on pesticide intoxication and taking blood samples for blood cholinesterase activity levels in Monday morning (before work), Monday afternoon (after work), and Saturday afternoon (end of week day). Surprisingly, neither exposed to pesticide onion farmers (study group) nor not exposed to pesticide onion farmers (control group) showed any acute pesticide intoxication complaints, although the study showed that blood cholinesterase level in pesticide sprayer farmers decreased significantly 5.80 % along cross shift and 4.68 % along cross week (One Way ANOVA, p= 0.01; and p <0.05 respectively). It is concluded that although it is free from intoxication symptoms, pesticide sprayer onion farmers show a mild intoxication that means they could continue work without any restriction since the decrease of blood cholinesterase activity is only 5.80 % in cross shift and 4.68 % in cross week. Good work practices, hygienic measures, and recommended safety precautions in field use should be maintained in order to decreasing level of intoxication.

Keyword :

blood cholinesterase activity, lung function, pesticide sprayer onion farmers,

References :

Directorate General of Communicable Disease Control and Residential Sanitation,(1986) Monitoring of Pesticide Management Workplace Jakarta : Indonesia Ministry of Health

Griffin K,(2003) Medical Surveillance of Pesticide Workers - : J Occup Health Tracker

Munaf S,(1997) Acute Pesticide Intoxication: Technique of Diagnosis, First Aid, Treatment and Prevention Jakarta : Widya Medika Publisher

Archive Article

Cover Media Content

Volume : 47 / No. : 1 / Pub. : 2011-01
  1. Evaluation Of Burn Unit Gbpt Performance From 2006-2008. A Retrospective Study
  2. Sex Determinant Of Human Hair With Dna Analysis Method Using Polymerase Chain Reaction (pcr)
  3. Protein Kinase C: After The Combination Of Metformin And Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy In Type 2 Diabetes Patients
  4. Effectiveness Omeprazole And Lansoprazole In Dyspepsia Patient With Nepean Dyspepsia Index
  5. Decrease Of Cross Shift And Cross Week Blood Cholinesterase Activity In Pesticide Sprayer Of Onion Farmers
  6. Identification Of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Adhesion Protein In Sputum Of Tuberculous Patients
  7. Correlation Of Histopathological Skin Biopsies With Clinical Diagnosis In Leprosy
  8. Review Article: Reducing Maternal Mortality Rate (mmr) And Infant Mortality Rate (imr): Non Institutional Delivery Or Institutional Delivery?
  9. Maternal Risk Factors Of Premature Delivery In Dr Soetomo Hospital
  10. Citric Acid Reduces The Content Of Pb And Cd Of Kupang Beras (corbula Faba)
  11. Difficulty In Achieving Hemodialysis Adequacy In Hemodialysis Unit, Dr. Soetomo Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia
  12. Acute Toxicity Test Of Bark And Stem Ethanol Extract Of Sopang (caesalpinia Sappan Linn) By Brine Shrimp Lethality Test
  13. Penile Length Of Newborn Infants In Dr. Soetomo Hospital Surabaya. A Preliminary Study