Detail Article

Folia Medica Indonesiana

ISSN 0303-7932

Vol. 45 / No. 4 / Published : 2009-10

Order : 7, and page :285 - 289

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Original Article :

Events and risk factors of developmental disorders in low birth weight babies

Author :

  1. Dina Djojohusodo *1
  2. Soetjiningsih *2
  3. Windhu Purnomo*3
  1. Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Hang Tuah University
  2. Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University
  3. Departmentt of Biostatistics, Faculty of Public Health, Airlangga University

Abstract :

The high incidence of low birth weight (LBW) and the various efforts to improve care will be extended survival, including low birth weight babies often have problems in developmental disorders. The impact of developmental disorders can be commuted if known early on and immediately given intervention. Early detection of developmental disorders of LBW in the first year of life using the Denver Development Test II (DDT II) and find the relation between the results of low birth weight with developmental disorders Birth Weight, gestation and head circumference. This research was conducted by cross sectional in BKIA CRS St. Vincentius a Paulo Surabaya with 80 samples of infants aged between one month - a year during the period January 1, 2006 until June 30, 2006. Sampling was done using the Random Sample Population Proportionate (PPRS). Interpretation of the development in accordance with the Denver Developmental Test II. The result showed that the 39 normal infants (48.75%), 17 babies can not be tested (21.25%) and 24 infants suspected (30%). Bivariate analysis showed that the deviation factor of the development of significant association with LBW BBL (80% BBL <1500 grams), gestation (61% gestation <30 weeks gestation and 40%> 42 weeks) and head circumference (54.55% circumference heads smaller than normal by Nellhaus). Developmental disorders, the incidence of LBW is still quite high, it is 30%. BBL, gestation and head circumference influenced the risk of developmental disorders in LBW.

Keyword :

aberrations of development, low birth weight, DDT II,

References :

  1. Als H and Butler S. , (2006). Neurobehavioral development of preterm infant. In: Fanaroff and Martin’s Neonatal Perinatal Medicine: Diseases of the Fetus and Infant Volume 2, 8th ed. . Philadelphia : Mosby
  2. Bernbaum JC, Gerdes M, Spitzer AR., (2005). Follow-up of the high risk neonate. In: Spitzer AR. Intensive Care of The Fetus & Neonate 2nd ed. . Philadelphia: : Mosby

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