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Folia Medica Indonesiana

ISSN 0303-7932

Vol. 50 / No. 3 / Published : 2014-07

TOC : 1, and page :131 - 138

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Original Article :

Heavy metal contamination may have a role in negative correlation between seafood consumption and visuo-motor development of 1-3 year-old children in subdistrict bulak, surabaya

Author :

  1. Dwi Susanti*1
  2. Abdul Wahab*2
  3. Djauhar Ismail*3
  1. Dosen Fakultas Kedokteran
  2. Dosen Pasca Sarjana
  3. Dosen Fakultas Kedokteran

Abstract :

Seafood contains many nutrients for optimizing child growth and cognitive development. Bulak subdistrict, located at coastal area of Kenjeran beach, Surabaya, has a risk of being harmed by marine heavy metal pollution. Seafish and seashell taken from Kenjeran beach are known to be contaminated by lead. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between seafood consumption and cognitive development, particularly visuo-motor development (CAT-DQ) of 1-3 year-old children in Bulak Subdistrict. In this cross-sectional study, there were ninety-five 1-3 year-old children in 8 Posyandu who randomly and cluster-selected from 29 Posyandu in Bulak Subdistrict. Their visuo-motor development scores (CAT-DQ) were examined by using capute scale, and their amounts of seafood consumption were calculated by average of 3 times 24-hours recall using 24-h recall questionnaire that was held unconsecutively. On multiple linear regression analysis, after controlling several confounders, there were decreases in visuo-motor score (CAT-DQ) by 11.70 point (95%CI: -18.7; -4.69) of children who consumed seafood below and equal to 18 grams/day and by 9.39 point (95%CI:-18.7; -0.08) of children who consumed seafood above 18 grams/day. Seafood often consumed by 1-3 year-old children in Bulak are Glomo, Pindang, and Shrimp. In conclusion, there was statistically significant negative association of seafood consumption with visuo-motor development (CAT-DQ) in 1-3 year-old children in Bulak subdistrict, maybe due to heavy metal contamination.

Keyword :

seafood consumption, visuo-motor development , CAT-DQ, Kenjeran,

References :

  1. Apostoli P, (2007). Reproductive and developmental toxicity of metals. Massachussets : Academic Press
  2. de Groot RH, (2012). Eating the right amount of fish: inverted U-shape association between fish consumption and cognitive performance and academic achievement in Dutch adolescents. - : Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids
  3. Mazumdar M, (2011). Low-level environmental lead exposure in childhood and adult intellectual function: a follow-up study. - : Environ Health


Archive Article

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Volume : 50 / No. : 3 / Pub. : 2014-07
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