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Folia Medica Indonesiana

ISSN 0303-7932

Vol. 51 / No. 2 / Published : 2015-04

TOC : 1, and page :80 - 85

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Original Article :

Implementation of pharmaceutical care in resolving drug problems in type 2 diabetes mellitus

Author :

  1. Muhammad Tamrin Tahir*1
  2. Yulistiani*2
  3. Rustam Amiruddin*3
  1. Dosen Fakultas Farmasi
  2. Dosen Fakultas Farmasi
  3. Department of Clinical Internal Medicine, Undata Hospital, Palu

Abstract :

Pharmaceutical care is a comprehensive activity which aims to identify, prevent, and solve drugs problems. Treatment complexity indiabetes patients, including complications or comorbids along with the risks, increases the incidence of drug problems which canlead to clinical outcomes and health cost raising. The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of pharmaceutical implementationon drugs related problems solution in type 2 diabetes. The study was conducted in Undata General Hospital from September 2012-January 2013, an observational study with prospective data collection (n = 100). There were 120 drugs problems identified in 74patients, the most common drug problems found in those patients were non-optimal effect of drug treatment (41%) and theinterference of metformin (10%). There were 144 causes for drug problems and the most frequent was synergistic/preventive drugrequired and not given (13%). Among the drug problems, 76 were interfered while 44 were not. Sixty-eight interventions were doneto the patient/family member, nurses and pharmacy staff with acceptance rate of 100%, 45 interventions to clinicians withacceptance rate of 69%. The results of pharmacist intervention on completion of the drug problem in 74 patients were as follows;problems not solved (8%), partially solved (7%) and totally solved (57%), while 28% received no intervention. There weredifferences in the amount of drug problems before and after intervention with significance of 0.000 (p < 0,05). In conclusion, theimplementation of pharmaceutical care enhances drug problems solution in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. (FMI 2015;51:80-85)

Keyword :

diabetes mellitus, pharmaceutical care, drug related-problems, pharmacists,

References :

  1. Al Mazroui NR, Kamal MM, Ghabash NM, Yacout TA, Kole PL, McElnay JC , (2009). Influence of pharmaceutical care on health outcomes in patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus. 67, 547-557 : British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
  2. Borges AP, Guidoni CM, Ferreira LD, de Freitas O, Pereira LR , (2010). The pharmaceutical care of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. 32, 730-736 : Pharm World Sci


Archive Article

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Volume : 51 / No. : 2 / Pub. : 2015-04
  1. Implementation of pharmaceutical care in resolving drug problems in type 2 diabetes mellitus
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