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Folia Medica Indonesiana

ISSN 0303-7932

Vol. 50 / No. 1 / Published : 2014-01

TOC : 9, and page :37 - 42

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Original Article :

Microbial pattern and antibiotic susceptibility test in semen gresik hospital 2012

Author :

  1. M Abid Fahruddin*1
  2. Prihatini*2
  1. Resident at the Department of Clinical Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Airlangga University, Surabaya
  2. Dosen Fakultas Kedokteran

Abstract :

Microbial pattern and antibiotic susceptibility test in the hospital are needed as surveilance, pattern of antibiotic use, and infectioncontrol program. The microbial pattern and antibiotic susceptibility test are used as tools for hospital management to regulate theuse of antibiotics and for taking actions to control hospital infection. This research purposes to obtain the microbial pattern andsusceptibility test in Semen Gresik Hospital during January- December 2012. This was a descriptive study, data were obtainedfrom the patients’ medical records in the Semen Gresik Hospital. There were 385 culture examinations from 337 patients. Out ofthese, 230 cultures showed growth, 100 isolates (44.5%) were Gram(+) and 130 isolates (56.5%) were Gram (-). Abscessspecimens, showed Escherichia sp.(32 isolates)is the most common bacteria. In blood cultures found Staphylococcus epidermidis (7isolates). Sputum cultures showed Escherichia sp. (5 isolates) and from throat swabs, Streptococcus viridans, Enterobacter, andEscherichia sp. were found. Antibiotic susceptibility test showed that Pipemidic acid and Amoxicillin were the mostresistant antibiotics while Phenems, Aminoglycoside and Fosfomycin, still showed a high susceptibility. Escherichia sp., Escherichiacoli and CONS were the most found microbes in this culture examination. Pipemidic acid and Amoxicillin were the mostresistant antibiotics while Phenems, Aminoglycoside and Fosfomycin, still showed a high susceptibility. (FMI 2014;50:37-42)

Keyword :

microbial pattern, antibiotic susceptibility test, culture,


References :

  1. Isnawati A, Gitawati R, Herman MJ, (2002). Pola sensitifitas kuman dari isolat hasil usap tenggorok penderita tonsilo-faringitis akut terhadap beberapa antimikroba di Puskesmas Jakarta Pusat. - : Bul Penel Kesehatan
  2. Kalantar E, Motlagh M, Lordnejad H, Beiranvand S, (2008). The prevalence of bacteria isolated from blood cultures of iranian children and study of their antimicrobial susceptibilities. - : Jundishapur Journal of Natural Pharmaceutical Products


   


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