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Detail Article

Folia Medica Indonesiana

ISSN 0303-7932

Vol. 45 / No. 2 / Published : 2009-04

TOC : 8, and page :121 - 129

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Original Article :

Physiological effects of music during exercise secretion of hormones cortisol and endorphins

Author :

  1. Sugiharto*1
  1. Department of Sport Sciences Malang State University School of Education Sciences

Abstract :

This is a randomized experimental design with control group pre test - post test design, which aims to uncover the physiological effects of listening to music during exercise on the secretion of the hormone cortisol and endorphins. The sample is 24 students majoring in Sport Science chosen at random based on the criteria established, and then divided into three groups consisting of sports, without listening to music, sports by listening to slow music (slow music) and sports by listening to loud music (hard music). Data collecting was done by pedaling a bicycle ergo meter exercise for 10 minutes with sub maximal intensity while listening to music. Listening to music during the workout use five multiplayers (MP5) and headsets. Blood sampling for hormone cortisol and endorphins examination performed before and after exercise. The analysis data using ANOVA, with significance level 5%. Results of data analysis revealed that there is no significant difference between the exercise without music, sports by listening to music, whether slow or music on loud music on the secretion of the hormone cortisol and endorphin (p <0.05). Sports without the music tends to have increased secretion of the hormone cortisol and also hormone endorphin, contrary to the exercise by listening to loud music and there is a tendency slow decline in secretion of the hormone cortisol, whereas the hormone endorphin in both groups are still fluctuative. It can be concluded that sub maximal intensity exercise, by listening to music for 10 minutes tends to decrease hormone cortisol and increases endorphins, which can inhibit the stress and make sense of music as well. Therefore it is advisable to inhibit the increase in cortisol during exercise can be done by listening to music, which according to the intensity of exercise.

Keyword :

Exercise, stress, Cortisol, Endorphin, loud music (hard music), slow music,

References :

  1. Brook GA, Fahey TD, (1984). Exercise Physiology, Human Bioenergetic and Its Apllication . New York : John Willey & Sons
  2. Dunn AJ, (1995). Interaction Between the Nervous System and the Immune System: Implications for psychopharmacology . New York : Raven Press Ltd


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