Detail Article

Folia Medica Indonesiana

ISSN 0303-7932

Vol. 43 / No. 2 / Published : 2007-04

Order : 10, and page :118 - 123

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Original Article :

Review article: heart rate variability. a remarkable tool to assess sympathovagal balance

Author :

  1. Muhammad Ridwan*1
  2. Steve Selig*2
  1. Syiah Kuala University School of Medicine, Banda Aceh, Indonesia
  2. School of Human Movement and Performance, Victoria University, Melbourne, Australia

Abstract :

An electrocardiography (ECG) recording is not only an information source of heart electrical and mechanical functions, but also a source of information about cardiac autonomic functions. The latter, can be analyzed by various methods, including by performing a heart rate interval analysis, termed as heart rate variability (HRV), from a short or long term ECG recording. This paper highlights the methods how to do analyses, the physiological relevance in understanding HRV, and various factors may interfere HRV in normal subjects. Prolonged activation of sympathetic activities is correlated with bad prognosis, whereas chronic parasysmpathetic dominance has been considered cardioprotective. Indicating the dominance of either sympathetic or parasympathetic tones, HRV may act as a remarkable prognostic determining tool, especially in association with cardiovascular issues.

Keyword :

heart rate variability, autonomic function, sympathovagal balance,

References :

S Akselrod,(1981) Power spectrum analysis of heart rate fluctuation: a quantitative probe of beat-to-beat cardiovascular control no info : Science

SR Barnett,(1999) Effects of age and gender on autonomic control of blood pressure dynamics no info : Hypertension

L Bergfeldt,(2003) Power spectral and Poincare plot characteristics in sinus node dysfunction no info : J Appl Physiol

Y Haga,(2003) Power spectral and Poincare plot characteristics in sinus node dysfunction no info : J Appl Physiol

GE Billman,(2002) Aerobic exercise conditioning: a nonpharmacological antiarrhythmic intervention no info : J Appl Physiol

DL Eckberg,(1983) Human sinus arrhythmia as an index of vagal cardiac outflow no info : J Appl Physiol

D Ewing,(1991) Twenty four hour heart rate variability: effects of posture sleep and time of day in healthy controls and comparison with bedside tests of autonomic function in diabetic patients no info : Br Heart J

D Ewing,(1984) N

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