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Detail Article

Folia Medica Indonesiana

ISSN 0303-7932

Vol. 44 / No. 1 / Published : 2008-01

TOC : 10, and page :47 - 51

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Original Article :

Review article:challenge of environmental toxicology in reformation era

Author :

  1. Titiek Berniyanti*1
  1. Department of Dental Public Health, Airlangga University School of Dentistry, Jl Prof Dr Moestopo 47, Surabaya

Abstract :

Industrial development has provided significant impact on the environment due to inappropriate arrangement and processing of industrial waste. The burden of the environment becomes heavier and results in environmental imbalance. One of the problems is the exposure of chemical substances, which is increasingly used for industry. Therefore, controlling effort is needed to prevent more severe damage resulting from these substances. In this relation, environmental toxicology, a science on the adverse effect of environmentally-distributed chemical substances on biological system, is beneficial to predict outcomes related with toxic hazards of chemical substances in human beings and environment. This science has a wide scope, either in medicine, food industries, farming, or chemical industries. It is also divided into several subdisciplines, such as forensic toxicology and occupational toxicology. This discipline should be able to find solution for appropriately controlling the exposure of chemical substances. Since it is still recognized by a small fraction of the society, its socialization becomes imperative. Toxicology should be introduced to students ranging from those at elementary level of education to those who go to universities through their curriculum of education.

Keyword :

Keywords: environment, environmental toxicology, industrial development, chemical substances, education on environmental toxicology,


References :

  1. Amsyari, F, (1989). Radiasi Dosis Rendah dan Pengaruhnya pada Kesehatan Masyarakat . Surabaya : Airlangga University Press
  2. Hoar & Monie, (1988). Comparative development of specific organ systems, in CA Kimmel & J Buelke- Sam (eds), Development of Toxicology . New York : Raven Press


   


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Volume : 44 / No. : 1 / Pub. : 2008-01
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