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Folia Medica Indonesiana

ISSN 0303-7932

Vol. 47 / No. 4 / Published : 2011-10

TOC : 3, and page :211 - 214

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Original Article :

Risk factors for birth asphyxia

Author :

  1. Martono Tri Utomo*1
  1. Department of Child Health Faculty of Medicine, Airlangga University

Abstract :

Asphyxia is a serious problem in the neonate worldwide. Incidence of birth asphyxia are 4 million baby a year. There are many reasons as baby may be not able to take enough oxygen before, during and after delivery. The objective of this study was to identify the risk factors of neonatal asphyxia from maternal, neonatal and mode of delivery. Materials and Methods: case control study. The data was retrospectively collected from medical record of pregnant women and neonate that was born in Dr Soetomo Hospital between 1 January 2009 to Desember 2009. Data of the inborn neonate (birth weight, gestational age, Apgar score) and the data of pregnant mother (age, preeclampsia, antepartum bleeding, premature rupture of the membrane and mode of delivery) was collected. Risk factors that associated with asphyxia were: antepartum bleeding, p 0.009, OR 2.607 (1.242-5.473), preeclampsia, p 0.000, OR 2.372 (1.688-3.333), prematurity p 0.000, OR 4.055 (2.939-5.595), post mature, p 0.001, OR 3.811 (1.637 – 8.872), low birth weight, p 0.000, OR 5.833 (4.245-8.016), and caesarian section, p 0.000, OR 3.778 (2.750-5.190). In conclusion, risk factor for asphyxia were antepartum bleeding, preeclampsia, low birth weight, prematurity, post date delivery and caesarian section.

Keyword :

risk factor, asphyxia, neonate,

References :

  1. Berglund, S, Grunewald C, Pettersson H, Cnattingius S, (2010). Risk factors for asphyxia associated with substandard care during labor. - : Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand
  2. Boo N, Lye M, (1992). Factors associated with clinically significant perinatal asphyxia in the Malaysian neonates: a case-control study. - : J of Trop Pediatrics
  3. Costello A, Manandhar DS., (1994). Perinatal asphyxia in less developed countries. - : Archv dis child
  4. Futrakul S, Praisuwanna P, Thaituyamnon P, (2006). Risk factor for hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy in asphyxiated newborn infants. - : J Med Assoc Thai
  5. Galvin N, Collins D, (2004). Perinatal asphyxia syndrome in the foal: review and case report. - : Irish Vet J


Archive Article

Cover Media Content

Volume : 47 / No. : 4 / Pub. : 2011-10
  1. Antibiotic resistance control program (arcp) improving antibiotic use in pediatric hematology and oncology patients at dr soetomo hospital in 2006 and 2008
  2. Sensitivity and specificity of clinical features of influenza like illness and laboratorical findings for diagnosed influenza a (h1n1) in children
  3. Risk factors for birth asphyxia
  4. Liver involvement in children with dengue infection
  5. Mechanical ventilation vs nasal cpap duration and the risk of late onset sepsis in premature babies with respiratory distress syndrome
  6. Nucleic acid amplification of the rpob region of mycobacterium tuberculosis in pulmonary tuberculosis diagnosis
  7. Effect of oral-estrogen conjugate on b-lymphocyte proliferation in the peyer’s patches of adult female balb/c mice ileum
  8. The effect of emotional quality management on stress, and optimism in women with breast cancer
  9. Quality and efficiency improvement of professional medical doctor education in public health field using objective structured public health examination (osphe) approach at faculty of medicine airlangga university
  10. Review article: role of ve-cadherin in vascular permeability regulation
  11. Depth of human hypophysial fossa due to aging process: a morphologic research