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Folia Medica Indonesiana

ISSN 0303-7932

Vol. 50 / No. 4 / Published : 2014-10

TOC : 13, and page :270 - 277

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Original Article :

Risk factors of low birth weight (lbw) incidence. a case control study

Author :

  1. Dewi Anggraini P*1
  2. Aditiawarman*2
  3. Budi Utomo*3
  4. Ahmad Suryawan*4
  1. Mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran
  2. Dosen Fakultas Kedokteran
  3. Dosen Fakultas Kedokteran
  4. Dosen Fakultas Kedokteran

Abstract :

The incident of LBW (Low Birth Weight) in Panekan Public Health Center (PHC), Magetan, increased from 32/644 births in 2012 to55/770 births in 2013. The main factor of LBW was still undiscovered because there was no research conducted in this area. Thepurpose of this study was to discovered and determined risk factors which caused LBW. This study was an observational study usingcase control approach. The population is delivered mothers in 2013 to May 2014. Sampling was done through consecutive samplingmethods. Data collection obtained through questionnaire of 40 respondents from LBW group and 40 respondents from normal birthweight group. The independent variables in this study were maternal nutritional status (MUAC, BMI in early pregnancy, and weightgain during pregnancy), age, parity, illness during pregnancy, education, occupation, income, and nutrition knowledge. Thedependent variable was the weight of newborns. Data analysis used Chi-square test with α = 0.05 and logistic regression. Theresults showed that the risk factors were MUAC, weight gain during pregnancy, age, illness during pregnancy, and nutritionalknowledge, whereas BMI in early pregnancy, parity, education, occupation, and income weren’t significant. In conclusion, MUACand BMI in early pregnancy can be used for the first line screening to determine ideal weight gain, nutrition intervention oreducation during pregnancy. Screening of risk factors, mother’s health, and monitoring nutritional status by observing weight gainduring pregnancy should be done through adequate antenatal care to suppress LBW incidence.(FMI 2014;50:270-277)

Keyword :

low birth weight, risk factors, pregnancy,

References :

  1. Bisai S, Sen A, Mahalanabis D, Datta N, Bose K , (2006). The effect of maternal age and parity on birth weight among bengalees of Kolkata, India . 14, 139-143 : Human Ecology Special Issue
  2. Dhar B, Bhadra SK , (2008). Use of anthropometric indicators for predicting risk of delivering low birth weight babies . 34, 64-66 : Bangladesh Med Res Counc Bull


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Volume : 50 / No. : 4 / Pub. : 2014-10
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