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Folia Medica Indonesiana

ISSN 0303-7932

Vol. 51 / No. 1 / Published : 2015-01

TOC : 12, and page :66 - 73

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Original Article :

The correlation between the exclusive breastfeeding for six months, mother's education level, occupation and kpsp scores in children age 6 to 24 months

Author :

  1. Jennie Dianita Sutantio*1
  2. Budi Utomo*2
  1. General Practitioner, Puskesmas Jagir, Surabaya, Indonesia
  2. Dosen Fakultas Kedokteran

Abstract :

Child development is a process influenced by many factors, including exclusive breastfeeding, mothers’ education level andoccupation. The purpose of this study was to determine the correlation between six months exclusive breastfeeding, maternaleducation level, occupation and KPSP score of six to twenty four month infants in Jagir primary health care (puskesmas), Surabaya.This research was conducted using analytic observational study, from January to February 2014. Subjects were chosen randomly,included 6 to 24 month toddler, and excluded infants with a history of premature birth, low birth weight, requiring life support atbirth, jaundice, having congenital disease, brain disorder and other chronic diseases and toddler with low-income-parents. Datawere taken using questionnaires and KPSP form, and analyzed using Spearman Correlation and logistic regression. The resultshowed that there were 33 exclusively breastfed toddles and another 27 without one. Most of them have mothers who graduated fromhigh school and are jobless. Spearman correlation tests showed the correlation between exclusive breastfeeding and KPSP score (p= 0.001), between mothers’ occupation and KPSP score (p = 0.024), but no significant correlation between maternal education leveland KPSP score. Non breastfed infants have KPSP score’s relative risk 9.5 times higher than breastfed infants, while the infants ofjobless mothers have KPSP score’s relative risk 4.16 times higher than those working with mothers. (FMI 2015;51:66-73)

Keyword :

exclusive breastfeeding, maternal education, maternal, occupation, KPSP score,

References :

  1. Angelsen NK, Vik T, Jacobsen G, Bakketeig LS , (2001). Breast feeding and cognitive development at age 1 and 5 years. 85, 183-188 : Arch Dis Child


Archive Article

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Volume : 51 / No. : 1 / Pub. : 2015-01
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