UNIVERSITAS AIRLANGGA



Detail Article

Indonesian Journal of Social Sciences

ISSN 1978-760X

Vol. 11 / No. 1 / Published : 2019-01

Order : 5, and page :20 - 27

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Original Article :

The dual purposes of a muslim cleric

Author :

  1. Saman Hudi*1
  1. Fakultas Agama Islam Universitas Islam Jember

Abstract :

The purpose of this research is to analyse the double function of Kiai: a research of Kiai’s engagement in political party. In detail, the questions of this research are focussed on (1) the orientation of Kiai’s engagement in political party, (2) the implication of their engagement in political party towards their religious function, and (3) the perception of society towards their engagement in political party. This research uses qualitative approach using descriptive analysis. The data collection of this research are through interview, observation and documentation. The target of this research are Kyais engaging in political parties, the committees of three parties (PPP, PKB and PAN), academicians and influential non-party figures. This research choose Jember because this city is well known with its number of Santri and Kyais engage in political parties. The result of this research shows that the Kyais orientation towards their engagement in political parties is the spirit of amar ma’ruf nahi mungkar and Islamic dissemination. From the Islamic point of view, this is a part of worshiping but sometimes they misused their power in using Islamic Symbols in order to win the election for the sake of their own group and interest. The conclusion of this research reveals that the involvement of Kyais in political parties has negative impacts to his religious role for instance the decreasing intensity of teaching in pesantren, the narrowing space and the role of the Kiai as the bearer of universal Islamic teachings, the decreasing of public trust toward Kiai, and horizontal conflict. Horizontal conflicts occur due to the involvement of Kiai in political parties, because there is political communication gap between the Kyais and their ummah.

Keyword :

Kiai dwifunction, political parties, conflict, religious,


References :

Anam C,(1999) Pertumbuhan dan Perkembangan NU Surabaya : Bisma Satu

Budiardjo M,(1998) Dasar-Dasar Ilmu Politik Jakarta : PT Gramedia

Kahmad D,(2000) Sosiologi Agama Bandung : Rosda Karya

Karim MR,(1991) Pemilu Demokrasi Komparatif Yogyakarta : Tiara Wacana





Archive Article

Cover Media Content

Volume : 11 / No. : 1 / Pub. : 2019-01
  1. Social Construction Of Ndudut Mantu Engagement Tradition In Centhini Society District Lamongan
  2. The Meaning Of Money Politics For Constituents In The Legislative Election
  3. The Implementation Of Mahabharata Series Values By Nu Muslimat
  4. Aswaja Commodity A Conflict Study Between Nu And Salafi In Pasuruan City
  5. The Dual Purposes Of A Muslim Cleric