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Detail Article

Jurnal Analisis Hubungan Internasional

ISSN 2302-8777

Vol. 2 / No. 1 / Published : 2013-03

TOC : 20, and page :361 - 373

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Original Article :

Palestinian refugees and lebanese security and political instability post-1989

Author :

  1. Yurike F. Wahyudi*1
  1. Mahasiswa Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik

Abstract :

This research analysis the role of Palestinian refugees on Lebanon security and political instability after the end of Lebanon Civil War in 1989. Lebanon instability was mainly created around its fragile sectarian balance. The system was established to proportionally allocate political power to different sects in the society according to their shares of population. Instability in Lebanon further threaten as Palestinian refugees arrived in 1948 after Israel declaration of independence and the Arab-Israel war. Majority came from the Sunni Islam, Palestinian refugees has grown awareness to against its cause of displacement from Lebanon during the 1960s-1980s. Thus their activities, through PLO and its largest military wing, Fatah, has cause series of violent conflict which lead to the 1975 civil war. Today, the population live in destitute situation in refugee camps and gathering across Lebanon. Unable to go back home to Palestine in the last six decade, their existence represent a time bomb to Lebanon as host country and  the regional at large. However, since 1989 until today Palestinian refugees can no longer create civil war in divided Lebanon. This analysis found that the relations between refugees and receiving country determined by three eminent variables: (1) rebel social network, (2) receiving country government and (3) society.

Keyword :

refugees, conflict, political instability, rebel social network, policy of receiving country,


References :

  1. E. al-Hokayem dan E. McGovern, (2008). Towards a more Secure and Stable Lebanon: Prospects for Security Sector Reform. - : The Henry L. Stimson Center
  2. R. Brynen, (2009). Building Better Relationship: Palestinian Refugees, Lebanon, and the Role of the International Community. Montreal : IDRC
  3. J. Chaaban et al., (2010). Socio-Economic Survey of Palestinian Refugees in Lebanon. Beirut : American University of Beirut
  4. D. Chatty, (2010). No Refuge: Palestinians in Lebanon. - : Refugee Studies Center. University of Oxford
  5. S.Haddad, (2003). The Palestinian Impasse in Lebanon: The Politics of Refugee Integration. Portland : Sussex Academic Press


   


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