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Jurnal Analisis Hubungan Internasional

ISSN 2302-8777

Vol. 7 / No. 2 / Published : 2018-10

TOC : 7, and page :79 - 95

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Original Article :

Peran karakteristik pemimpin sudan dalam kasus penolakan agensi kemanusiaan asing tahun 2009 pada konflik darfur

Author :

  1. Mustika Ayuningrum*1
  1. Mahasiswa Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik

Abstract :

This study examines the leadership characteristic role of Sudanese President, Omar alBashir, on the changes in Sudan's foreign policy in the case of the rejection and expulsion of a number of foreign humanitarian agencies in 2009 in the Darfur humanitarian conflict. The background of the problem stems from militant counterinsurgency carried out by the government on insurgency groups Justice for Equality Movement or JEM and Sudan Liberation Army or SLA which then leads to attacks on civil society and crimes against humanity on a truly massive scale. The survival of the majority of civil society affected by the impact of the conflict in Darfur also relies on humanitarian assistance by foreign humanitarian agencies which really plays a crucial role in reducing the destructive impact. The problem in this explanative-qualitative research is the expulsion and rejection of a number of contributing INGO humanitarian operations amidst the high level of dependence of the Darfur community on the assistance of these groups in 2009. Temporary findings obtained by the authors of the refusal and expulsion of the Government of Sudan on foreign humanitarian aid and a number of INGOs in Darfur in 2009 could be based on two factors. First, the factors needed to understand the extreme decisions of the Sudanese government in this case relate to the perceptions and rationality of the influential actors who made decisions on the matter, namely the then Sudanese President, Omar al-Bashir. Second, al-Bashir is a leader who also has bounded rationality as an individual. By understanding the types of characteristics of al-Bashir's leadership through content analysis techniques, named Leadership Trait Analysis, the scheme of al-Bashir's perception of boundaries in his political environment, things that motivate his actions, and his interpretation of the window of opportunity can be described.

Keyword :

expulsion of humanitarian aids, leadership characteristics, rationality, foreign policy change, window of opportunity,


References :

  1. Burr, J. Miller & Robert Collins, (2003). Revolutionary Sudan: Hasan Al-Turabi and the Islamist State, 1989-2000. - : Brill Publisher


   


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