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Journal of Basic Medical Veterinary

ISSN 2302-6820

Vol. 4 / No. 1 / Published : 2015-06

TOC : 6, and page :32 - 36

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Original Article :

Effect of cigarette smoke on type ii pycnotic cells at intralveolar septa of mice treated by aromatherapy extract of hibiscus sabdariffa calyx

Author :

  1. Dyah Restiyani Juwita *1
  2. Mas’ud Hariadi *2
  3. Chairul Anwar *3
  1. Mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan
  2. Dosen Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan
  3. Dosen Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan

Abstract :

This research aimed was to prove the effect of cigarette smoke on type II cells and to prove that the treatment of aromatherapy  extract of Hibiscus sabdariffa (Roselle) calyx can decrease type II pycnotic cells caused by cigarette smoke by counting the number of type II pycnotic cells at intralveolar septa of mice. The study was conducted in November 2014 – January 2015 at the Laboratory of Animal Experiment and Laboratory of Veterinary Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Airlanga. Twenty five three-months-old male mice (Mus musculus) were divided into five groups (Control, P1, P2, P3 and P4). Control group did not receive exposure or treatments. Meanwhile mice in P1, P2, P3 and P4 were treated with cigarette smoke exposure and aromatherapy extract of Roselle calyx respectively for 14 days. Lung histopathological preparation were stained with Hematoxylin Eosin then examined under 400× magnification. Statistical comparisons were performed using SPSS Statistic Version 20. Data were compared by ANOVA and Tukey-HSD. The result of ANOVA showed significant difference among Control, P2, P4 groups with P3 and P1 groups (p<0.05) while Tukey-HSD test, showed the group exposured by cigarette smoke only had the highest percentage of type II pycnotic cells and significantly different from the others. Meanwhile, the group that was exposured by cigarette smoke and treated by Roselle calyx extracted aromatherapy for 2 hours had the lowest percentage of type II pycnotic cells.    

Keyword :

Cigarette Smoke, Hibiscus sabdariffa, Roselle, Type II Cell, Picnotic,


References :

  1. Price, S.A. and L.M. Wilson., (2006). Patofisiologi Konsep Klinis Pro-ses-Proses Penyakit (Phatophy-siologi: Clinical Concepts of Disease Processes). Alih Bahasa Hartanto H, Wulansari P., Maharani D.A. 42-53.. Edisi 6, volume 1. : Penerbit Buku Kedokteran EGC. Jakarta.
  2. Susanna, D. Budi H. Hendra F., (2003). Penentuan Kadar Nikotin dalam Asap Rokok:.. 7 : 47 – 49 : Makara Kesehatan
  3. Eleni, G. Tzortzaki., Elina, Vlachaki., N. M. Siafakas. , (2007). Pulmonary Surfactant. . 20:4 : Pneumon


   


Archive Article

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Volume : 4 / No. : 1 / Pub. : 2015-06
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  2. The effect combination of guava leaf (psidium guajava l.) and sambiloto leaf (andrographis paniculata) on total and diffcount leucocyte of mice (mus musculus) exposed to heat stress
  3. Effect of meniran (phyllanthus niruri, linn.) infusion on white pulp spleen diameter of vibrio anguillarum infected gouramy fish
  4. Dipping of meniran infusion (phyllantus niruri) on gourame (osphronemus gouramy) infected with vibrio anguillarum toward the level of hemoglobin, packed cell volume and number of erythrocytes
  5. Effect of propolis toward the number and type of blood leucocyte count of male mice (mus musculus)
  6. Effect of cigarette smoke on type ii pycnotic cells at intralveolar septa of mice treated by aromatherapy extract of hibiscus sabdariffa calyx
  7. Immunomodulator effect of sambiloto (andrographis paniculata) to total and differential counting of leucocytes in mice (mus musculus) exposed to heat stress
  8. Effect of guava leaves (psidium guajava l.) extract on total and differential count of leucocytes in mice (mus musculus) exposed to heat stress
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