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Journal of Basic Medical Veterinary

ISSN 2302-6820

Vol. 3 / No. 1 / Published : 2014-06

TOC : 4, and page :20 - 28

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Original Article :

Epidemiology of avian influenza virus (h5) from duck outbreak in the 2012-2013 in east java

Author :

  1. Intan Rahayu*1
  2. Soelih Estoepangestie*2
  3. Rahayu Ernawati*3
  4. Chairul Anwar Nidom*4
  1. Mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan
  2. Dosen Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan
  3. Dosen Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan
  4. Dosen Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan

Abstract :

An outbreak of Avian Influenza (AI) H5N1 had been reported in East Java since 2012 until it’s beginning 2013 that mostly didn’t show clinical signs. Generally, clinical signs of AI H5N1 in chicken include whitish cloudy eyes, torticollis, greenish feses and weakness. Pathological changes of AI  in deaths duck are often confused with Newcastle disease, which is a challenge to fullfill the need for diagnostic accuracy. The aim of the present study is to ensure the causal five agent disease and the spreading of Avian Influenza virus (H5). Pooled swabs of tracheal and cloacal samples were inoculated into the allantoic cavity of 9-11 day old embryonated chicken egg followed by Haemaglutination Inhibition (HI) and PCR test. The result of this research revealed that 11 of 83 isolates were positive HA, 11 out of 11 isolates were HI positive and 9 of 11 isolates were PCR positive of Avian Influenza virus (H5).  It can be concluded that Avian Influenza virus (H5) were spreading in Blitar, Malang, Probolinggo, Pasuruan, Trenggalek, Jombang, Tuban and Mojokerto.      

Keyword :

Epidemiology of Avian Influenza, duck outbreak, East Java,

References :

  1. Balai Besar Penelitian Veteriner . , (2013). Peranan Ung-gas Air (Itik) dalam Penyebaran Virus AI. . Jakarta : BBalitvet
  2. Lee, M.S., P.C.Chang., J.H. Shien., M.C.Cheng and H.K. Shieh. , (2001). Identification and Subtyping of Avian Influenza Viruses by Re¬verse Transription-PCR. . Amerika : Journal of Virological Methods 97 (2001) : 13-22
  3. WHO. , (2011). Updated Unified Nomen-clature System For The High Pathogenic H5N1 Avian Influenza Viruses. . Amerika : Media Center.


Archive Article

Cover Media Content

Volume : 3 / No. : 1 / Pub. : 2014-06
  1. Detection of avian influenza antibody h5 subtype on bearded pig (sus barbatus) in central kalimantan
  2. The effect of infusion of tekelan (chromolaena odorata l.) leaf to wound healing incision on mice (mus musculus) were infected by staphylococcus aureus
  3. Activity test of krisan flower (chrysanthemum morifolium ramat) exstract on stable fly (stomoxys calcitrans geof.) mortality by in vitro
  4. Epidemiology of avian influenza virus (h5) from duck outbreak in the 2012-2013 in east java
  5. Identification and isolation of influenza virus (h5) in pig in north sumatra
  6. Effect of margarine and shortening trans fatty acid on rats (rattus norvegicus) hdl cholesterol level
  7. Toxicity test of ethanol extract of red roses (rosa damascena mill) by brine shrimp lethality test (bslt) method
  8. Effect of phyllanthus niruri linn extracts on blood glucose levels in diabetic rats (rattus norvegicus) induced by alloxan
  9. The effect of meniran extract (phyllanthus niruri linn.) against sgot and sgpt level of white rats (rattus norvegicus) induced by alcohol
  10. The effect of borax to duodenal histopathological changes in rats (rattus norvegicus)