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Jurnal Global dan Strategis

ISSN 1907-9729

Vol. 9 / No. 2 / Published : 2015-07

TOC : 1, and page :175 - 189

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Original Article :

Foreign policy and national interest: realism and its critiques

Author :

  1. Munafrizal Manan*1
  1. staf pengajar pada Program Studi Ilmu Hubungan Internasional Universitas Al-Azhar Indonesia, Jakarta

Abstract :

Realism  stated  that  conflict  or  even  war  among  countries  are  acceptable  in order to achieve national interest. Such a view has  become the mainstream in international relations (IR) both theoretically and practically. But it does not mean  that  realist  views  are  the  best  approach  to  discuss  foreign  policy  and national interest. Liberalism and global humanism can be used as alternative approaches  to  discuss  it.  From  the  perspective  of  liberalism  and  global humanism,  foreign  policy  is  not  only  reflecting  national  interest,  but  also dealing with human and global interest. By focussing on the issues of economic globalization, democracy,  human rights, and environment, the approaches of liberalism  and  global  humanism  show  that  these  issues  have  now  become  a part  of  foreign  policy  and  national  interest  of  countries.  It  means  that  if  it comes  to  human  and  global  interests,  then  countries  choose  to  cooperate globally rather than to involve in conflict or war.

Keyword :

Foreign Policy, National Interest, Realism, Liberalism, Humanism Global,


References :

  1. Dunne, Tim and Brian C. Schmidt, (2001). "Realism‟, in John Baylis and Steve Smith (eds.), The Globalization of World Politics: An Introduction to International Relations. Second Edition. Oxford : Oxford University Press
  2. Baehr, Peter R., and Monique Castermans-Holleman, (2004). The Role of Human Rights in Foreign Policy. Third Edition. New York : Palgrave Macmillan
  3. Forsythe, David P., (2006). Human Rights in International Relations. Second Edition. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press
  4. Gowa, Joanne, (1999). Ballots and Bullets: The Elusive Democratic Peace. Princeton, New Jersey : Princeton University Press
  5. Mansfield, Edward D. and Jack Snyder, (2005). Electing to Fight: Why Emerging Democracies go to War. Cambridge, Massachusets : MIT Press


   


Archive Article

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