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Jurnal Ilmiah Perikanan & Kelautan

ISSN 2085-5842

Vol. 6 / No. 1 / Published : 2014-04

TOC : 14, and page :81 - 86

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Original Article :

Bioactivity essential oil of bandotan leaf (ageratum conyzoides) on koi (cyprinus carpio) physiological responses (blood glucose and tachiventilation)

Author :

  1. Laksmi Sulmartiwi*1
  2. Mardiah Rahma Umami*2
  3. Moch. Amin Alamsjah *3
  4. Sri Subekti*4
  1. Dosen Fakultas Perairan dan Kelautan
  2. Mahasiswa Fakultas Perairan dan Kelautan
  3. Dosen Fakultas Perairan dan Kelautan
  4. Dosen Fakultas Perairan dan Kelautan

Abstract :

Koi (C. carpio) is one of famous ornamental fish in Indonesia. Fish often be subject of change or stessor like physical, chemical and biology on culture. Stress in fish caused released cortisol hormone and cathecolamine hormone. Cathecolamine increase glicogenolisis, cardiovascular regulation and respiration fungtion. Blood glucose and tachiventilation (opercular movement) can indicate stress respon in fish. Essential oil of A. conyzoides have central analgesic activity. Analgesic drugs in vertebrae can reduce stress in fish. Essential oil shown inhibitory effect of GABA transminase, an enzime GABA (gamma-aminobutryic acid) degradation which can provoking sedation. Sedation effect in fish reduce blood glucose and tachiventilation. Potency bioactive essential oil of bandotan leaf compound haven’t been know in aquaculture. The potency based of LC50 (Lethal Consentration 50 %) valuePurpose of this research determined effect of essential oil Ageratum conyzoides leaf on Koi (Cyprinus carpio) Phsycology Response (Blood Glucose and Tachiventilation) every 4 hours durung 24 hours and LC50-24 hours. Research was conducted at Laboratory of Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Airlangga University Surabaya. Research design used Completely Randomized Design and followed by Duncan's Multiple range test.Results of analysis of variance (ANAVA) from early observation and every 4 hours during 24 hours day showed that each treatment of essential oil Ageratum conyzoides leaf gave a significantly different effect on the blood glucose and tachiventilation (P <0.05). The highest average of blood glucose was found in D treatment at second observation (443,67 mg/dl) and the lowest was found in C treatment (60,67 mg/dl). The highest average of tachiventilation was found in D treatment at first observation (1730 bit/9 minute) and the lowest was found in A treatment (437,67 bit/9 minute) at early observation. LC50-24 hours essenial oil Ageratum conyzoides leaf is 34,047 ppm. Based on measurements of water quality, treatments was still viable and good to supported viability of Cyprinus carpio during research, water temperature range between 29-31oC, range of dissolved oxigen 4-6 mg/l, pH ranges 7,5-8,3 and 0,006-0,27 mg/l on ammonia.

Keyword :

Ageratum conyzoides, Cyprinus carpio, LC50-24 hours, Blood Glucose, Tachiventilation,


References :

  1. Hasna ; Nasril, (0000). Efektivitas Ekstrak Buah Mengkudu (Morinda citrifolia L.) Terhadap Mortalitas Plutella xylostella L. Pada Tanaman Sawi. J. Florantek. - : -
  2. Ulfatul Laili, (2007). Pengaruh Pemberian Ekstrak Temulawak (Curcuma xanthorrhiza Roxb) Terhadap Prevalensi dan Kelulushidupan Ikan Mas (Cyprinus carpio) yang Diinfeksi Bakteri Aeromonas hydrophyla. Malang : Fakultas Sain dan Teknologi. Universitas Islam Negeri Malang
  3. Laksmi Sulmartiwi ; D.N. Chotimah ; W. Tjahjaningsih : T.V. Widiyanto : J. Triastuti , (2009). Respon Daya Cerna dan Respirasi Benih Ikan Mas (Cyprinus carpio) Pasca Transportasi Dengan Menggunakan Daun Bandotan (Ageratum conyzoides) Sebagai Bahan Antimetabolik. - : Jurnal Ilmiah Perikanan dan Kelautan I (1): 79-86


   


Archive Article

Cover Media Content

Volume : 6 / No. : 1 / Pub. : 2014-04
  1. Effect of different glycerol concentration in skim milk and egg yolk diluter for storage process of frozen semen on sperm motility and viability of catfish (pangasius pangasius)
  2. Substitution of soybean meal with sword bean seed meal (canavalia ensiformis) on growth, survival rate and feed efficiency of red tilapia
  3. Monitoring of fishery with fishing gear troling line in the prigi nusantara fishing port, trenggalek district, east java province
  4. Total of bacteria in digestive organ of gurami fish (osphronemus gouramy) by administering a different commercial feed
  5. Albumin level test and snakehead fish (channa striata) growth with different commercial feed protein level
  6. Ibm for seed shrimp farmers family scale (backyard) in kalitengah village, tanggulangin district, sidoarjo region, that harvesting lossed to long times that caused by the diseases
  7. Antifungal potential test of celery leaves juice (apium graveolens l) against aspergilllus terreus by in vitro
  8. Metal detection of lead in tilapia (oreochromis niloticus) along the kalimas river in surabaya
  9. The present effect of different probiotics on commercial feed towards growth and feed efficiency of sangkuriang catfish (clarias sp.)
  10. The effect of stocking density on survival rate and grow rate of aquaponic system
  11. Ibm for traditional shrimp farmers in masaran village, banyuates district, sampang region, that capital losted by shrimp dead cases continuoesly
  12. Morphological variation of lernaea holdfast infest gouramy in east java
  13. Digestibility value of crude fiber and nitrogen free extract (nfe) for different commercial feed in gouramy (osphronemus goramy lac.) using surgical technique
  14. Bioactivity essential oil of bandotan leaf (ageratum conyzoides) on koi (cyprinus carpio) physiological responses (blood glucose and tachiventilation)
  15. Isolation and identification of bacterial in the digestive organ of gurami fish (osphronemus gouramy) with different commercial feed
  16. The secondary metabolites potential of infusum durian’s (durio zibethinus) leaves effect to survival rate of nila (oreochromis niloticus) on the livefish dry transport system
  17. Analysis of heavy metal content of lead (pb) and cadmium (cd) shells on green (perna viridis l.) on water district ngemboh gresik east java