UNIVERSITAS AIRLANGGA



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Jurnal Ners

ISSN 1858-3598

Vol. 10 / No. 1 / Published : 2015-04

Order : 10, and page :87 - 103

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Original Article :

An ergonomic desk and chair prototype to improve seating position on senior high school students at kabupaten gresik

Author :

  1. Neffrety Nilamsari*1
  2. Soebijanto*2
  3. Lientje S.M*3
  4. Setokoesoemo.B.R*4
  1. Dosen Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat
  2. Program Doktor, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
  3. Program Doktor, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
  4. Program Doktor, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta

Abstract :

Introduction: The need of desks and chairs at school which appropriate with student’s anthropometry are very important. Desks and chairs which not suit with student’s anthropometry will lead to fatigue. At Kabupaten Gresik, the provision of desks and chairs which suit with student’s anthropometry still less in number. This study was aimed to provide recomendation for an ergonomic desk and chair prototype to improve seating position on senior high school students at Kabupaten Gresik. Method: This was preexperiment research with one group pre post test design. Research subjects were students at SMAN 1 Menganti and SMAN 1 Cerme, Kabupaten Gresik, 139 students were involved. Result: The recomendation of ergonomic desks and chairs specification according to student’s anthropometry were: 1) Prototype chair N, length=48cm, wide=43cm, cushion base’s height from floor surfaces=47cm, bag keeper’s height from floor surfaces=3cm, bag keeper’s wide=43cm, bag keeper’s length=47cm, cushion’s wide=41cm, cushion’s length=46cm, handrest’s height=22cm, handrest’s length=30cm, backrest’s height=38cm, backrest’s wide=43cm, cushion’s foam thickness=4cm, backrest’s foam thickness=4cm; 2) Prototype desk N, length=50cm, wide=66cm, back section’s height=85cm, front section’s height=75cm, footrest from floor surfaces=10cm, drawer’s height=10cm, front bamper’s height=40cm, and table’s angle=10o. Discussion: An ergonomic desks and chairs are very important for students at school, it will help teaching learning process run well and comfortable. The measurement of desk and chair must be reviewed after five years, because of student’s anthropometric development. So then students will feel no fatigue.

Keyword :

ergonomy, senior high school student`s seating position,


References :

  1. Badan Standarisasi Nasional, (1989). SNI untuk kursi belajar di SMA. no. 12-1526-1989 : Badan Standarisasi Nasional
  2. Floyd, W.F., and Wards, J.S., (1969). Anthropometric and Physiological Consideration in School, Office and Factory Seating. 12. 132-139 : Ergonomics




Archive Article

Cover Media Content

Volume : 10 / No. : 1 / Pub. : 2015-04
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