Detail Article

Jurnal Ners

ISSN 1858-3598

Vol. 8 / No. 2 / Published : 2013-10

Order : 1, and page :175 - 182

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Original Article :

Burnout syndrome in nursing students based on effect of stressor, relational meaning and coping strategy

Author :

  1. Hilda Mazarina Devi*1
  2. Nursalam*2
  3. Laily Hidayati*3
  1. Mahasiswa Fakultas Keperawatan
  2. Dosen Fakultas Keperawatan
  3. Dosen Fakultas Keperawatan

Abstract :

Introduction: Professional education program is a program in which nursing students are transformed to become professional nurses. At this level, nursing students will encounter various stressors. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between stressors, relational meaning and coping strategy on burnout syndrome in nursing students who are undergoing professional education. Method: This was a correlational study using cross-sectional approach. Population comprised regular student of nursing profession program at the Faculty of Nursing, Airlangga University. Sample size was determined by simple random sampling and 61 persons were included in the inclusion criteria. The independent variables were personal stressors (age, gender, academic GPA, residence situation, total learning time per day and total profession time per week), environmental stressors (workload and interpersonal relationships with patients, clinical supervisor, nurses and counselors as well as friends in one group), relational meaning and coping strategy. The dependent variable was the burnout syndrome (the emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and reduced self achievement). Data then analyzed using multiple linear regression test with significance level of α<0.05. Results: This study found that total burnout syndrome was significantly related to relational meaning (p=0.005, β=0.460). Emotional exhaustion was significantly related to relational meaning (p=0.001, β=0.532) and emotion focused coping (p=0.035, β=0.298). Relational meaning was also significantly related to depersonalization (p=0.002, β=0.050). Subsequently, the decline in self-achievement was significantly related to personal stressors, i.e the number of room mates (p=0.016, β=0.344), total learning time/day (p=0.036, β=0.366) and environmental stressors (workload) (p=0.039, β=-0.349). Discussion: It is suggested for students to prepare for professional education, and the Faculty of Nursing, Airlangga University, should strengthen the function of academic counselors in terms of preceptorship role model in order to avoid the risk of burnout syndrome when the nursing students undergoing professional education.

Keyword :

stressor, relational meaning, coping strategy, burnout syndrome, nursing students,

References :

Nursalam,(2011) MANAJEMEN KEPERAWATAN Aplikasi dalam Praktik Keperawatan Profesional Edisi 3 Jakarta : Penerbit Salemba Medika

Lazarus, RS Folkman, S,(1984) Stress, Appraisal and Coping New York : Springer

Archive Article

Cover Media Content

Volume : 8 / No. : 2 / Pub. : 2013-10
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