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Jurnal Ners

ISSN 1858-3598

Vol. 7 / No. 2 / Published : 2012-10

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Original Article :

Hubungan antara kategori imunodefisensi dengan diare pada anak dengan hiv/aids (the relation between pediatric immun deficiency category and diarrhea in aids/hiv infected child)

Author :

  1. Satrio Wibowo*1
  1. Departemen Ilmu Kesehatan Anak Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Brawijaya, RS.Dr. Saiful Anwar Malang

Abstract :

Introduction: Diarrhea is one of the most prevalent cause of mortality and morbidity in AIDS/HIV infected child. Severe immune suppression increase prolong and persistent diarrhea. The correlation between diarrhea and immune suppression level has not well known yet, particularly in Saiful Anwar Hospital. The aim of this study is to determine correlation between immune suppression level and prolonged or persistent diarrhea in AIDS/HIV infected child. Method: Retrospective cross-sectional research were conducted on 68 medical records taken from patients who were admitted between February 2008 and August 2011. The characteristic of data taken were: age, sex, nutritional status, CD4+ counts, duration of diarrhea, other comorbid diseases beside diarrhea (pneumonia, tuberculosis, moniliasis) and the patient outcome. National Guidelines Clinical Management of HIV/AIDS in Children were used to diagnose HIV/AIDS. Immune supression level was determined using CDC guidelines. Immune supression level was ranked in to four categories: no immune deficient, mild suppression, moderate suppression, and severe immunodeficient. Results: Thirty six (53%) patients were male; diarrhea was found in 32 (47%) patients, acute diarhhea in 12 patients, prolonged diarrhea in 1 patient, persistent diarrhea in 19 patients. Forty (40%) were severe immunodeficient, 6% mild, 28% moderate and 40% without immunodeficiency. Discussion: Statistical analysis showed that there was no correlation between immune supression level and types of diarrhea.  (95% CI, p=0,17). Key words : immune supression, diarrhea, HIV

Keyword :

immune supression, diarrhea, HIV,


References :

  1. Dahlan MS., (2008). Statistik Untuk Kedokteran dan Kesehatan. Edisi 3. Jakarta : Salemba Medika
  2. Juffrie M, Mulyani NS (Ed)., (2009). Modul Pelatihan Diare. Edisi 1. Jakarta : UKK Gastroenterologi Hepatologi IDAI


   


Archive Article

Cover Media Content

Volume : 7 / No. : 2 / Pub. : 2012-10
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  3. Voluntary counseling and testing (vct) hiv – aids pada tahanan di rumah tahanan negara kelas i surabaya (voluntary counseling and testing (vct) to prisoner in class i prison of surabaya)
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  5. Profil pasien di gawat darurat medik anak di rsud dr. soetomo surabaya 2011 (profile of patients at pediatric emergency services soetomo hospital surabaya)
  6. Gambaran klinis penderita difteri anak di rsud dr. soetomo (clinical features of children with diphtheria on soetomo hospital)
  7. Hubungan antara kategori imunodefisensi dengan diare pada anak dengan hiv/aids (the relation between pediatric immun deficiency category and diarrhea in aids/hiv infected child)
  8. Penilaian kualitas hidup anak penderita kanker (assessment of quality of life in cancer children )
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