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Jurnal Ners

ISSN 1858-3598

Vol. 5 / No. 2 / Published : 2010-10

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Original Article :

Perubahan perilaku dan fungsi kognitif dengan terapi perilaku kognitif pada penderita napza (the changes of behaviors and cognitive functions by cognitive behavioural therapy in the drug abusers)

Author :

  1. Herni Susanti*1
  1. Dosen Fakultas Ilmu Keperawatan Universitas Indonesia

Abstract :

Introduction: This study was aimed to find out the effect of CBT on the behaviors i.e. depressive, agressive and antisocial behaviors as well as cognitive functions of patients who were treated in rehabilitation unit at a drug addiction hospital (Rumah Sakit Ketergantungan Obat ) in Jakarta. Method: The research design was Quasi experimental pre-post test without control group  by providing intervention: CBT for 6 sessions (10-12 times intervention). The population was all  patients  in the rehabilitation unit with a nursing diagnosis: low self esteem and/or inffective coping strategies. There  were 23 participants who involved in this  investigation. The data was analized by using  dependent and independent sample t, and anova tests. Result: The results showed that p value for depressive bahaviours, agressive behaviurs, antisocial behaviors, and cognitive functions were 0,914; 0,001; 0.039; 0,003 respectively. The outcomes indicated that there was significant impact of CBT on agressive behaviors, antisocial behaviors, and cognitive functions (α = 0, 05, p value < 0, 05), but not on depressive behaviors (α = 0, 05, p value > 0, 05). Discussion: It is argued that depressive symptoms might not be apparent for the users in rehabilitative phase. The findings also showed that there was significant relation between antisocial behaviors and the length of drug usage. This affirms exsiting concepts in that long drug usage brings about serious damage in the users’ behaviors and cognitive functions. It is recommended, therefore,  to include CBT as an important intervention for clients with drug abuse problems who are cared in rehabilitation center.

Keyword :

Drugs abuse, behaviors, cognitive functions,

References :

  1. Townsend, M.C. , (2009). Psychiatric mental health nursing. Philadelphia : F.A. Davis Company


Archive Article

Cover Media Content

Volume : 5 / No. : 2 / Pub. : 2010-10
  1. Perubahan perilaku dan fungsi kognitif dengan terapi perilaku kognitif pada penderita napza (the changes of behaviors and cognitive functions by cognitive behavioural therapy in the drug abusers)
  2. Tingkat stres kerja dan perilaku caring perawat (work stress level and caring behaviour of nurses)
  3. Latihan active lower range of motion menurunkan tanda dan gejala neuropati diabetikum (active lower range of motion reduce the sign and symptom of diabetic neuropathy)
  4. Beban perempuan penderita hiv/aids dalam perspektif gender (the woman burden of hiv/aids patient in gender perspective)
  5. Pemberian sukrosa dan non-nutritive sucking terhadap respon nyeri dan lama tangisan neonatus pada prosedur invasif (grant of sucrose and non-nutritive sucking to pain response and the long cries of neonates to invasive procedures)
  6. Intervensi keperawatan melalui pendampingan meningkatkan perilaku pemberian makan pada anak usia 6-24 bulan pada keluarga inti dan besar (nursing intervention through family pathnership increases behavior in practice of feeding pattern on infant of age 6-24 months for nuclear and extended family)
  7. Penurunan kecemasan ibu menjelang seksio sesaria dengan model “sayang bunda” (the decrease of anxiety in secsio sesaria mother with “sayang bunda” model)
  8. Pengalaman masa pubertas remaja studi fenomenologi di purwokerto (the puberty experience of adolescent fenomenology study in purwokerto)
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  10. Proses berduka dan beban yang dialami keluarga dalam merawat anak dengan autisme (the grieving process experienced family and charges in treating children with autism)
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