Detail Article

Jurnal Oftalmologi Indonesia

ISSN 1693-2587

Vol. 8 / No. 1 / Published : 2011-12

Order : 3, and page :11 - 13

Related with : Scholar   Yahoo!   Bing

Original Article :

Time length difference of examination between waggoner (color vision testing made easy) and ishihara in children under 6 years old

Author :

  1. Djiwatmo*1
  2. Irma Praminiarti*2
  1. Dosen Fakultas Kedokteran
  2. Mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran

Abstract :

Pseudoisochromatic plate tests such as the Ishihara while very effective in screening color deficiencies in adults, have limitedeffectiveness for young children. At present, a new pseudoisochromatic color plate test specifically designed for young children, “ColorVision Testing Made Easy” (CVTME) has recently been introduced. The purpose of this study is to analize the difference in timelength duration of examination between Waggoner (Color Vision Testing Made Easy) and Ishihara in children under 6 years old. All35 children by the age 4 until 6 years old were examined. It consist of 18 girls and 17 boys. First they were checked the visual acuityusing Snellen chart, then they were tested using Ishihara and Waggoner (Color Vision Testing Made Easy) which used to diagnose andclassify any color deficiency. Then, the time were recorded while they read each plate of the colour test. From 35 children, 34 childrenhad good visual acuity on both eyes, and only 1 child who had right eye visual acuity bellow normal. Then, from the colour testing,all children using both tests got a result of normal colour vision. From the time duration, Waggoner test took longer than Ishihara,and it is statistically significant (p > 0.005). In conclusion, this study indicated that Waggoner have the same result with Ishihara indetecting color blindness, but examination using Waggoner takes a more time compare to Ishihara

Keyword :

colour blindness, children under 6 years old, ishihara test, waggoner (color vision testing made easy) test,

References :

  1. Cotter, Susan. A, et al, (1999). Evaluation of a New Color Vision Test: “ Color Vision Testing made Easy”, Optometry and Vision Science. vol 76, No. 9, PP. 631–636 : American Academy of Optometry
  2. Guilerherme M. Martins, et.al, (2001). Color vision in school-age children: assessment of a new test. 77 (4): 327–30 : J Pediatr (Rio J)
  3. Waggoner, (2011). Terrace OD and Breeze. 14–04–2011 : Gulf OD, http://colorvisiontesting. com/

Archive Article

Cover Media Content

Volume : 8 / No. : 1 / Pub. : 2011-12
  1. The effect of altitude exposure to changes in intra ocular pressure in air force pilot candidates using hypobaric chamber
  2. Difference expression of matrix metalloproteinase-1 (mmp-1) in primary progressive pterygium after subconjunctival injection of mitomycin c and 5-fluorouracil
  3. Time length difference of examination between waggoner (color vision testing made easy) and ishihara in children under 6 years old
  4. Ketebalan kornea sentral pada penderita diabetes mellitus tipe 2 sebelum dan setelah fakoemulsifikasi
  5. Perbedaan ketebalan kornea sentral pada glaukoma sudut terbuka primer, glaukoma dengan tekanan normal dan hipertensi okuli
  6. Changes in tear film after temporal clear corneal incision phacoemulsification
  7. Rectus muscles transposition for the treatment of bilateral traumatic abduscens palsy
  8. Congenital left superior oblique palsy
  9. Congenital bilateral sixth nerve palsy
  10. Penanganan benda asing peluru dalam kavum orbita