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Jurnal Penelitian Dinamika Sosial

ISSN 1411-6383

Vol. 7 / No. 1 / Published : 2008-04

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Original Article :

Efektivitas kebijakan perlindungan pekerja anak (child labour) dengan fokus anak jalanan di surabaya

Author :

  1. Sulikah Asmorowati*1
  1. Jurusan Ilmu Administrasi Negara, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Airlangga

Abstract :

This research aims to describe the effectiveness of policies on protection of street children in Surabaya. Specifically, it seeks to identify the city government of Surabaya’s policies in tackling and protecting street children as well as to know their effectiveness and to identify supporting and impeding factors for the effective implementation.This research is descriptive as the researcher seeks to describe how effective is the implementation of policies on street children in Surabaya. The population of this research is intitutions, i.e. those that implement and responsible for the policies. Informants are choose with the Systematic Selection Procedur, with ‘purposive sampling’ with the underlying assumption that informants are those who know exactly about the problems. The informants are staffs in Dinas Sosial, Dinas Kesehatan dan Dinas Pendidikan, and some staffs of the Lembaga Perlindungan Anak (LPA Jatim). Datas are collected through interview as well as documentation of relevant secondary data and then analised qualitatively, presented both in the frequency tables and qualitative explanation of the problems to gain the conclusion.This research finds that the policies on street children in Surabaya are on going, however, it cannot cover all street children in Surabaya (in 2003 from a total of 2310 street children, the policies can cover less than 1000 street children). Meanwhile in the implementation contex, this research finds that the implementation of policies on street children in Surabaya has not been effective as they have not been able to achieve the policies’ aims and targets. Moreover, there have not been policies that are designed spesifically for street children as well as the absence of good coordination amongst the institutions engage with the policies. Finally, the reserach finds supporting and impeding factors for the effective implementation of the policies, namely inavailability of an accurate data base on street childreen which inform the city government of Surabaya about the number and characteristics of the street children or where they come from so that the policy initiative can be more comprehensive. Besides, eventhough there has been law concern with the education, the health and the welfare of street children (UU no 23, 2002 tentang perlindungan anak (protection of child), the enforcement has been effective, and with poor internalisation/sosialisation. If the law is enforced, the enforcement agencies have not had a perspetive on the child rights. Furthermore, there has not been any regional law (Perda) concerns with child rights (Perda Perlindungan Anak). Although there has been a demand from NGOs (LSM) for the city government to formulate such regional law (Perda Perlindungan Anak), the city government has not responded appropriately to the demand. Eventually, the policies on street children in Surabaya have not been supported with adequate resources, in terms of facilities, finance or human resource. The reality is the city government has not alocated enough financial support as the laws order, showing the impact of development which is not pro poor.

Keyword :

Child labour, street children, effectiveness, policy, Children protection, Surabaya,


References :



       


    Archive Article

    Cover Media Content

    Volume : 7 / No. : 1 / Pub. : 2008-04
    1. Perlindungan Hukum Terhadap Anak Dalam Konflik Bersenjata
    2. Karakteristik Dan Pola Hubungan Determinan Pekerja Anak Di Indonesia
    3. Analisis Kebijakan Pemkot Surabaya Dalam Menangani Anak Jalanan
    4. Tindak Kekerasan Terhadap Anak Perempuan Pada Saat Pemilihan Jodoh Di Kalangan Etnis Arab-surabaya: Studi Kasus Di Ampel, Kecamatan Semampir-surabaya
    5. Efektivitas Kebijakan Perlindungan Pekerja Anak (child Labour) Dengan Fokus Anak Jalanan Di Surabaya
    6. Pembentukan Karakter Anak Menurut Teks Cerita Rakyat Ranggana Putra Demang Balaraja: Kajian Pragmatik Sastra
    7. Perilaku Seksual Anak Usia Pra Remaja Di Sekitar Lokalisasi Dan Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi
    8. Metode Bel Meningkatkan Penguasaan Kosakata Bahasa Indonesia Anak Tk B1 Surabayan Surabaya