UNIVERSITAS AIRLANGGA



Detail Article

Journal of Public Health Research and Comunity Health Development

ISSN 2597-7571

Vol. 15 / No. 2 / Published : 2019-01

Order : 2, and page :182 - 194

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Original Article :

Social stratification of salt farmers in sumenep madura, 1960-1985

Author :

  1. Aulia Adviana Yuninda*1
  2. Edy Budi Santoso*2
  1. Mahasiswa Fakultas Ilmu Budaya
  2. Dosen Fakultas Ilmu Budaya

Abstract :

This study describes sosial stratification of the salt farmer Sumenep district between 1960-1985. Social stratification of salt farmers is a social division of salt farmer groups into classes in stages based on material and type of work. The method used was a qualitative study employing a survey of descriptive research, that is, attempting to describe specifically all the things stratification of the salt farmer and giving salary, The techniq of data collection were observation, interview, and documentation. The research indicate that salt farmers were divided into two large groups based on the type of salt production, first, social stratification in state salt production, salt farmers were divided based on the type of work, and people's salt production, salt farmers were divided based on land area and material abilities. Social stratification of salt farmers also includes the organizational structure and wage system.     Penelitian ini menggambarkan Stratifikasi Sosial Petani Garam di Sumenep Madura tahun 1960-1985. Stratifikasi sosial petani garam adalah pembagian kelompok petani garam ke dalam kelas-kelas secara bertingkat berdasarkan materi dan jenis pekerjaan. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah penelitian kualitatif dengan pendekatan survei dengan tipe penelitian deskriptif yaitu berusaha menggambarkan secara khusus, hal-hal yang berhubungan dengan stratifikasi sosial petani garam dan penerapan upah. Teknik pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui observasi, wawancara, dan dokumentasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa petani garam terbagi menjadi dua kelompok besar berdasarkan jenis produksi garam, pertama stratifikasi sosial di dalam produksi garam negara, petani garam terbagi berdasarkan jenis pekerjaan, dan produksi garam rakyat, petani garam terbagi berdasarkan luas lahan dan kemampuan materi. Stratifikasi sosial di dalam petani garam juga mencakup struktur organisasi serta sistem upah. 

Keyword :

Salt Farmers, Sosial Stratification, Sumenep, Petani Garam,


References :

  1. Mochammad Wahyu Irwanto, (2017). Industri Zoutregie Di Madura. - : CV. Eka Dharma




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