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Kesehatan Lingkungan

ISSN 1829-7285

Vol. 2 / No. 1 / Published : 2005-07

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Original Article :

Environmental and socio-behavioral factors influencing dhf epidemic outbreak in mataram

Author :

  1. Chatarina Umbul Wahyuni*1
  2. Fathi*2
  3. Soedjajadi Keman*3
  1. Bagian Epidemiologi FKM Universitas Airlangga Mulyorejo FKM Kampus C Unair Surabaya Telp.(031)5920948/5920949
  2. Rumah Sakit Umum Bima, Sumbawa, Nusa Tenggara Barat
  3. Bagian Kesehatan Lingkungan FKM Universitas Airlangga Mulyorejo FKM Kampus C Unair Surabaya Telp.(031)5964905

Abstract :

Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) is a viral endemic disease in Indonesia transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes vector. The only way to prevent the disease is by cutting disease transmission chain namely vector control that is influenced by environmental and socio-behavioral factors. Therefore the aim of this study was to analyze environmental and socio-behavioral factors influencing DHF epidemic outbreak in Mataram. This study was designed as a cross-sectional observational survey conducted during DHF outbreak in Mataram, Nusa Tenggara Barat province in March to June 2004. Four villages as outbreak zone were taken as study area. Whereas sixteen villages of non-DHF outbreak zone were taken as control area. From each village, ten households were taken as samples amounting to a total sample of 200 people. Associations between environmental factors or socio-behavioral factors with DHF epidemic outbreak were tested by the Chi-square. A both environmental and socio-behavioral factor all together in relation to DHF epidemic outbreak was analyzed using by multiple logistic regression model. The data showed that there were associations between container indexes, attitude to DHF disease, action in vector control, abatization with DHF epidemic outbreak in Mataram in 2004 (Chi- square tests, all p < 0.05). However, in multiple logistic regression model it was revealed that the only container indexes was of significant influence on the DHF epidemic outbreak (p < 0.01) with relative risk (RR) was 2.96. It is concluded that the most important factor influences DHF epidemic outbreak in Mataram is high container index. It is recommended to Local Health Department to increase alertness in pertaining to DHF outbreak by intensifying program of abatization, health education on DHF and action in vector control. There is an urgency of inter-program and inter-sectoral joint cooperation in prevention of DHF outbreak.

Keyword :

DHF, environmental factor, socio-behavioral factor ,

References :

  1. WHO, (2000). Pencegahan dan Penanggulangan Penyakit Demam Berdarah Dengue. Terjermahan dari WHO Regional Publication SEARO No.29 : Prevention Control of Dengue and Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever. . Jakarta : Depkes RI
  2. Anonim, (1992). Petunjuk Teknis Penemuan, Pertolongan dan Pelaporan Penderita Penyakit Demam Berdarah Dengue.. Jakarta : Ditjen PPM dan PL Depkes RI
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Archive Article

Cover Media Content

Volume : 2 / No. : 1 / Pub. : 2005-07
  1. Environmental and socio-behavioral factors influencing dhf epidemic outbreak in mataram
  2. Environmental sanitation factors and prevalence of scabies among students of qor’an schools in regency of lamongan,east java
  3. Amdal and sustainable development
  4. Health conditions of housing and residential environmental
  5. Relationship between housing sanitation and acute respiratory infenction among children under five years old
  6. Rodent control as a quarantine regulation
  7. Deteksi pencemaran timah hitam (pb) dalam darah masyarakat yang terpajan timbal (plumbum)
  8. Description of adult mosquito population which lived in filariasis endemic areas in empat village
  9. Solidwaste management by using composting
  10. The difference of the contents of bod, cod, tss, coli bacteria on the waste water before and after the treatment in rsud nganjuk