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Media Gizi Indonesia

ISSN 1693-7228

Vol. 1 / No. 3 / Published : 2006-01

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Original Article :

Correlation of food consumption to anemia status among elementary school students in endemic area of malaria

Author :

  1. Sulistyorini*1
  2. Merryana Adriani*2
  1. Department of Public Health Nutrition, Public Health Faculty, Airlangga University
  2. Department of Public Health Nutrition, Public Health Faculty, Airlangga University

Abstract :

The prevalence of anemia in Indonesia is still high especially at the risk groups (woman at fertile age, pregnant woman, children under five years, and elementary school children). The aim of this research was to know correlation between level of nutrient consumption with anemia status of elementary school children in malaria endemic area. This research was an analytic-observational study and according to the time, it was cross sectional study. Sixty two (62) samples were chosen by using simple random sampling from students of SDN Ngreco III who were in third up to sixth grade. The research was held in November 2005 until March 2006. Spearman correlation test was used to know the correlation between level of nutrient consumption with anemia status of elementary school children. The research results showed that the average level of nutrient consumption of elementary school children at age 8 to 14 for energy were 51,18% RDA, protein 48,28% RDA, vitamin A 1395,1% RDA, vitamin B1 140,3% RDA, vitamin C 112,44% RDA, and iron 66,68% RDA. Hemoglobin level test showed that 30,65% students is suffered from anemia. Statistical analysis showed that there were correlation between vitamin A, vitamin B1, and iron consumption level with anemia status, but there were no correlation between energy, protein, and vitamin C consumption level with anemia status. The research concluded that there were correlation between vitamin A, vitamin B1, and iron consumption level with anemia status of elementary school children in malaria endemic area. Therefore, repairing consumption of vitamin A, vitamin B1, iron, and other nutrient consumption is required, especially among them who lived in malaria endemic area.

Keyword :

level of nutrient consumption, anaemia status, elementary school children, malaria endemic area,


References :

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Archive Article

Cover Media Content

Volume : 1 / No. : 3 / Pub. : 2008-01
  1. Food consumption pattern of mother, length of exclusive breastfeeding, and the development of baby/ child weight
  2. The role of biotechnology in foodsafey
  3. Influence of sugar addition and types of drying method towards products of sweetened seaweed
  4. The scarcity of food availability and food consumption pattern of under welfare families in food insecurity period
  5. The diagnosis of malnutrition
  6. Difference of anemia prevalence and finess between female adolescent of islamic boardings school in coastal area and non coastal area
  7. The correlation of iodine and tiosianat level, and food consumption pattern to the incidence of goitre among school age children in endemic and non-endemic area
  8. Correlation of food consumption to anemia status among elementary school students in endemic area of malaria