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Media Gizi Indonesia

ISSN 1693-7228

Vol. 9 / No. 1 / Published : 2013-01

TOC : 10, and page :60 - 65

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Original Article :

Relationship intake and consumption patterns vitamin a, zinc and proteins with ari event and status in child nutrition

Author :

  1. Riska Fitriyah*1
  2. Trias Mahmudiono*2
  1. Mahasiswa Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat
  2. Dosen Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

Abstract :

ABSTRACT Malnutrition can be caused by the lack of food consumption and the presence of infectious disease. Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI) is one of the example. ARI can be prevented by having a healthy consumption pattern and enough consumption of nutrients that can protect the respiratory tract and enhance immunity as well, such as vitamin A, protein and zinc. The purpose of this study was to analyze the association of nutritional status, incidence of ARI during the last 6 months in children at the Arif Rahman Hakim Orphanage Surabaya with the patterns of consumption, intake of vitamin A, protein and zinc. This research was analytic observational study with cross sectional design. Total respondents in this research was 32 children selected using simple random sampling technique. Data were analyzed using chi-square, depend on data scale of each variable. The results showed about 43,8% respondent were early adolescents (10–12 years). Most of them have a normal nutritional status (90.6%). There was no association between nutritional status and the eating habits of the respondents (p = 0.186) but there was an association with the type of snack that was often consumed (p = 0.010). There was an association between nutritional status with the consumption of vitamin A (p = 0.023) and insidence of ARI with the consumption of zinc (p = 0.047) but there was no association between the incidence of ARI protein intake (p = 0.232) with vitamin A intake (p = 0.857). It can be concluded that there is an association between nutritional status and the type of snack that is often consumed and vitamin A. There is also association between insidence of ARI and the consumption of zinc. It is suggested that there should be a sort of control upon the meal time schedule and eating habits of children, so that nutrient intake can be met fullfilled macro and micronutrients to prevent respiratory diseases. Keywords:  nutritional  status,  incidence  of  ARI, consumption patterns, intake of vitamin A, protein and zinc.

Keyword :

nutritional status, incidence of ARI, consumption patterns, intake of vitamin A, protein and zinc,


References :

  1. Almatsier, Sunita, (2001). Prinsip Dasar Ilmu Gizi.. Jakarta : Gramedia Pustaka Utama
  2. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Kementerian Kesehatan RI, (2010). RISKESDAS (Riset Kesehatan Dasar) 2010. Jakarta : Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Kementerian Kesehatan RI
  3. Budiyanto, A.K, (2002). Dasar-Dasar Ilmu Gizi. Edisi kedua Cetakan kedua. Malang : UMM Press
  4. Cuevas, Luis E. dan Kayanogi, AI, (2005). Annals of Tropical Paediatrics (2005) 25: 149–160 Zinc and infection.. Liverpool : Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine
  5. Dinas Kesehatan Surabaya, (2011). 10 Penyakit Tertinggi di Surabaya Menurut Data Puskesmas dan Target Turunkan Prevalensi Gizi Kurang di Surabaya.. Surabaya : Dinas Kesehatan Surabaya


   


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