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Media Kedokteran Hewan

ISSN 2015-8930

Vol. 30 / No. 1 / Published : 2014-01

TOC : 8, and page :67 - 74

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Original Article :

The potency of potassium chloride and sodium bicarbonate suplementation as thermotolerance agent on liver of chronic heat-stressed broiler

Author :

  1. Septian Hakim Susantoputro*1
  2. Arimbi*2
  3. Hani Plumeriastuti*3
  4. Djoko Legowo*4
  1. Praktisi Dokter Hewan
  2. Dosen Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan
  3. Dosen Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan
  4. Dosen Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan

Abstract :

Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui kemampuan potasium klorida dansodium bikarbonat dalam mentoleransi perubahan suhu pada hati yang terpapar stres panaskronis. Sebanyak 30 ekor ayam pedaging berumur 3 minggu dibagi menjadi 5 grup(ulangan=6) dan dipisah pada 2 ruangan yang berbeda (A dan B). Grup pertama(kontrol/P0) diletakkan dalam kandang pada ruangan A dengan suhu rendah (21-23ºC),sedangkan grup yang lain (P1;P2;P3;P4) diletakkan dalam kandang pada ruangan B dengansuhu tinggi (37 ºC). Grup P1 hanya diberi air, sedangkan grup P2;P3 dan P4 diberikansuplementasi 1,5 % KCl, 0,5% NaHCO3 dan kombinasi keduanya. Setelah 15 hari masaperlakuan, dilakukan pengamatan terhadap perubahan organ hatinya baik secaramakropatologi dan histopatologi. Data yang diperoleh untuk perubahan berat relatif hatidianalisa dengan uji ANOVA dan data untuk perubahan histopatologi dianalisa dengan ujiKruskal-wallis. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan penambahan 1,5 % KCl, 0,5% NaHCO3 dankombinasi keduanya tidak terbukti dapat mencegah perubahan patologi hati pada ayampedaging yang mengalami stres panas kronis   AbstractThe purpose of this study was to know the potencial of potassium chloride andsodium bicarbonate suplementation as thermotolerance agent on liver of chronic heatstressed broiler. 30 broiler with 3 weeks ages divide into 5 differents groups (n = 6) andseparated into two different chamber (A and B). One group (control/P0) was caged at lowtemperature (21-23ºC) chamber (A), while the others (P1; P2; P3; P4) were caged at hightemperature (37 ºC) chamber (B). Group P1 administrated only with water, groups P2, P3 andP4 administrated respectively with 1,5 % KCl, 0,5% NaHCO3, and the combination of both.After fifteen days of treatment all broiler were slaughter for liver macropathology andhistopatology examination. Collected data for liver weight was analysed with Anova test andthe data for histopathology changes was analysed with Kruskal-wallis test. This Study showed supplementation of 1,5 % KCl, 0,5% NaHCO3, and combination both of them failed to inhibit the changes of liver pathology on chronic heat-stressed broiler.

Keyword :

heat stress, potassium chloride, sodium bicarbonate, liver,


References :

  1. Aengwanich W. and Simaraks S., (2004). Pathology of heart, lung, liver and kidney in broilers under chronic heat stress. J. Sci. Technol. 26(3) : 417- 424.. - : -
  2. Anderson KE and Carter TA., (1998). Hot Weather Management of Poultry. Poultry Science Extension, North Carolina State University.. - : -
  3. Naseem MT, Shamoon N, Younus M, Zafar ICh, Aamir G, Asim A and Akhter S., (2005). Effect of Potassium Chloride and Sodium Bicarbonate Supplementation on Thermotolerance of Broilers Exposed to Heat Stress. International Journal of Poultry Science 4 (11): 891-895.. - : -
  4. Yahav S. and Planik., (2000). Effects of early age thermal conditioning and food restriction of performance of male broiler chickens. Br. Poult. Sci. 40 : 120-126.. - : -


   


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Volume : 30 / No. : 1 / Pub. : 2014-01
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