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Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik

ISSN Lama 0216-2407, Baru 2086-7050

Vol. 13 / No. 2 / Published : 2000-04

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Original Article :

How australian feminism view the australian aboriginal women

Author :

  1. Wahidah Zein Br Siregar*1
  1. IAIN Sunan Ampel, Jl. A. Yani, Surabaya, Indonesia

Abstract :

Makalah ini menjelaskan perbedaan persepsi antara wanita kulit putih Australia dan wanita Aborigin tentang feminisme. Bagi wanita kulit putih, seksisme dianggap sebagai faktor utama yang menyebabkan tersubordinasinya wanita di masyarakat Australia, sehingga mereka harus berjuang melawan segala praktik seksisme di masyarakat Australia. Sementara itu, bagi wanita Aborigin, rasismelah yang menjadi faktor utama yang menyebabkan pria dan wanita Aborigin telah ditindas secara kejam oleh masyarakat Australia baik yang pria maupun yang wanita. Dalam persepsi wanita Aborigin, kaum pria mereka tidak pernah bersikap seksis sebelum datangnya bangsa kulit putih ke Australia. Dalam tradisi masyarakat Aborigin baik wanita maupun pria memiliki fungsi yang setara di masyarakat, dan mereka bisa bekerja sama. Sebagai konsekuensinya, ada keengganan di kalangan kaum wanita Aborigin untuk bergabung dengan pergerakan wanita kulit putih Australia. Jika mereka sependapat bahwa seksisme adalah faktor utama subordinasi wanita, itu berarti mereka akan melawan kaum pria Aborigin yang tentu saja akan melemahkan perjuangan masyarakat Aborigin secara keseluruhan dalam upaya memperoleh kehidupan yang lebih baik di tanah Australia. Tanah masyarakat Aborigin yang dikuasai oleh orang-orang kulit putih. Meskipun kedengaran sangat pesimis, adalah mustahil bisa menyatukan wanita Aborigin dan wanita kulit putih dalam feminisme di Australia selama keduanya tidak dapat bersikap jujur untuk saling memahami kondisi masing-masing. Akan tetapi tentu juga dapat dipertanyakan, perlunya menyatukan kedua kelompok wanita itu.

Keyword :

Feminisme / feminism, wanita / women, Aborigin, putih / white, Australia,


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Archive Article

Cover Media Content

Volume : 13 / No. : 2 / Pub. : 2000-01
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  3. How australian feminism view the australian aboriginal women
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  5. The behavior of city adolescence on the street
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