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Detail Article

Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik

ISSN Lama 0216-2407, Baru 2086-7050

Vol. 25 / No. 1 / Published : 2012-01

TOC : 4, and page :34 - 46

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Original Article :

Partnership for good civil society and sustainable community development: the interface of bureaucracy, community, and facilitator

Author :

  1. Sulikah Asmorowati*1
  1. Departemen Administrasi, FISIP, Universitas Airlangga

Abstract :

The legacy of  top-down and modernisation thesis, which emphasises capital transfers, formal planning, specialisation, and central government and/or international agency control, has long been challenged.This paper is based on a case study research on a community driven development initiative in the city of Surabaya, Indonesia. It focuses on partnership amongst bureaucracy, community, and facilitator in order to achieve good civil society and sustainable community driven development. For achieving its aims, this research explores a detailed case study of the national program for community empowerment (PNPM) in Indonesia, more specifically the implementation of PNPM-urban in the city of Surabaya. PNPM is the first nationwide poverty reduction program that signals the shift away from centralized governance processes towards a community driven development (CDD). Together with PNPM-rural (Program Nasional Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Mandiri Pedesaan), PNPM urban (Program Nasional Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Mandiri Perkotaan) is the two pillars of PNPM. This research has relied on interview, participant observation, and document analysis. Forty (40) informants were collected through a six months fieldwork period. Findings reveal that before the city government of Surabaya (here-after Pemkot) agreed to provide co-sharing funding for the implementation of PNPM in Surabaya (as requested in the program), the implementation of PNPM resulted not only in unsuccessful partnership amongst bureaucracy, community and facilitators, but also problems within communities and amongst the three stakeholders. These were all surrounding around the issues of struggle over power and capital. This has further threatened the achievement of good civil society and sustainability that seek to be attained in the program. There has been a more promising partnership amongst the three key stakeholders in the program and thus the achievement of good civil society and sustainability of the program      

Keyword :

bureaucracy, community, reform, facilitator, poverty, community driven development,


References :

  1. Dirjen Cipta Karya, (2009). Pedoman Pelaksanaan PNPM Mandiri Perkotaan. Jakarta : Dirjen Cipta Karya, Departemen Pekerjaan Umum.
  2. Hughes OE, (1998). Public Management and Administration, an Introduction. Melbourne : MacMillan


   


Archive Article

Cover Media Content

Volume : 25 / No. : 1 / Pub. : 2012-01
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