Catalog :




Detail Article

MOZAIK HUMANIORA

ISSN 2442-8469

Vol. 15 / No. 1 / Published : 2015-01

TOC : 2, and page :14 - 28

Related with : Scholar   Yahoo!   Bing

Original Article :

From traditional birth attendants to midwives: health development of mother and children in surabaya 1950-1980

Author :

  1. Eni Sugiarti*1
  1. Dosen Fakultas Ilmu Budaya

Abstract :

Pelayanan kesehatan di Surabaya telah dilakukan jauh sebelum terjadinya modernisasi dalam dunia kesehatan  pada  masa  kolonial  Belanda.  Tulisan  ini  bertujuan  membahas  perubahan  pelayanan kesehatan di Kota Surabaya pada tahun 1950-1980. Dengan menggunakan metode historis, penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa seiring dengan modernisasi dalam dunia kesehatan, pelayanan kesehatan ibu dan anak ditangani secara profesional oleh bidan yang secara formal mendapat pendidikan kesehatan sebagai tenaga medis untuk  kesehatan ibu dan anak. Pelayanan modern tersebut ditujukan lebih kepada orang-orang Eropa. Setelah masa revolusi, terjadi perubahan pada layanan kesehatan tanpa menghilangkan secara signifikan pelayanan kesehatan ibu dan anak. Tradisi lama masih digunakan bersamaan  dengan  pembaharuan  pelayanan  kesehatan.  Sasaran  pelayanan  juga  lebih  menyentuh berbagai lapisan masyarakat. Proses peralihan pelayanan kesehatan ibu dan anak dari dukun bayi ke bidan dilakukan dengan membentuk kerjasama antara dukun bayi dan bidan, yang kemudian memunculkan dukun bayi yang bersertifikat. Selain itu, peran pemerintah yang sangat besar untuk mengubah pandangan dari pelayanan tradisional ke pelayanan modern diwujudkan dengan kerjasama dengan pihak penyandang dana kesehatan dunia maupun dengan lembaga swasta.Kata kunci: bidan, dukun bayi, ibu dan anak, pelayanan kesehatanAbstractHealth services in Surabaya had existed before the modernization in the world of health in the Dutch colonial period. This article aims to discuss changes to health services in the city of Surabaya from 1950 to 1980. By using historical method, this study showed that along with the modernization in the world of health, maternal and child health services were handled professionally by midwives who formally received health education in maternal and child health. Modern services were generally directed to European people. After the revolution, there was a change in health services but it did not significantly affect maternal and child health services. Old tradition was still being used in conjunction with the renewal  of  health  services.  The  services  were  also  enjoyed  by  people  from  diverse  backgrounds. The  process  of  transition  of  maternal  and  child  health  services  from  traditional  birth  attendants(TBAs) was conducted through the cooperation between TBAs and midwives. This cooperation later created certified TBAs. In addition, the government took part in the health service tranformation by cooperating with the world health funding bodies and private institutions.Keywords: health care, midwife, mother and child, traditional birth attendants (TBA)

Keyword :

health care, midwife, mother and child, traditional birth attendants (TBA),


References :

  1. Boomgaard, Peter, (1993). The Development of Colonial Health Care in Java: An Exploitatory Introduction. (1):77-93. : Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land, en Volkenkunde 149


   


Archive Article

Cover Media Content

Volume : 15 / No. : 1 / Pub. : 2015-01
  1. Forms of islam-java syncretism in surabaya’s sunan ampel mosque
  2. From traditional birth attendants to midwives: health development of mother and children in surabaya 1950-1980
  3. Encoding system of metrotv’s news construction in the beginning of indonesia’s reformation era
  4. The use of pictures in scaffolding young efl learners in writing
  5. Sport hegemony in media: a case study on jawa pos’ dbl
  6. “we are luckier than them”: the reading of trans7’s orang-orang pinggiran by kampung people in surabaya
  7. The construction of style and social space in sydney’s fixed gear bike subculture
  8. Cultural violence, political violence: chronology and theories of sorcerer’s killings in banyuwangi 1998-1999
  9. Homophobia in torch song trilogy (1988) and boys don’t cry (1999) films
  10. Revitalisation of chinese-surabaya cultural values in strengthening the nation’s character