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Detail Article

MOZAIK HUMANIORA

ISSN 2442-8469

Vol. 14 / No. 1 / Published : 2014-01

TOC : 4, and page :43 - 58

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Original Article :

Sexuality issues and the struggle for freedom of expression in post-new order’s indonesian film industry

Author :

  1. Maimunah*1
  1. Dosen Fakultas Ilmu Budaya

Abstract :

Makalah ini mengkaji secara kontekstual perkembangan industri film Indonesia pasca-Orde Baru dan pengaruhnya dalam gerakan reformasi film. Pasca-Orde Baru memperlihatkan adanya pergantian rezim politik yang diikuti oleh perkembangan pesat teknologi komunikasi memberikan pengaruh yang signifikan terutama membuka kesempatan bagi sutradara film muda untuk berkarya. Penelitian ini mempertanyakan bagaimana komunitas film memanfaatkan era keterbukaan ini dan bagaimana mereka menegosiasi kemunculan kelompok masyarakat yang cenderung memaksakan standar dan nilai-nilai moral yang konservatif akan menjadi pembahasan utama dalam makalah ini. Teori queermenjadi bingkai analisis penelitian ini dengan menggunakan metode penelitian kualitatif. Hasil atau pembahasan menunjukkan bahwa konteks sosial dan politik menunjukkan arah yang berbeda karena pada saat yang sama, reformasi sosial politik memunculkan tren yang berlawanan dengan kebebasan berekspresi. Pada titik ini, backlash (penyerangan balik) dan kekerasan atas nama perbedaan gender dan  orientasi  seksual  akan  menjadi  ancaman  serius  bagi  kebebasan  berekspresi  dan  berpendapat dalam ranah publik.Kata kunci: era Reformasi, industri film, konservatisme, liberalisasi, queerAbstractThis  paper  examines  the  context  of  the  development  of  Indonesian  film  industry  since  1998,  and more broadly, the social and  political environment of the  Post-New Order era. By examining the impact of the reform movement on Indonesia’s film world, it demonstrates that the political shift, accompanied by changes in media technologies, not only stimulated the emergence of underground film movement but also opened up a revival of the Indonesian film industry, which had collapsed in the last stage of New Order era. The paper focuses on how the film communities have negotiated the attempted enforcement of conservative moral values and to what extent their attempts correspond to the agendas being pursued by liberal Muslims and women’s organisations. Queer theory was the framework of this paper by using qualitative methodology. In the context of the social and political context of film production, the study shows how the liberalisation of the film industry, of which these filmmakers were prominent exponents, came under threat from the emergence of conservative Islamic organisations and formalist Islamic parties that were opposed to the trend towards liberalisation and sexual openness. In this way, backlash and gender based-violence towards homosexual activities and queer representations can be seen as an outcome of a contest between conservatism and liberalisation in a newly liberated public sphere.Keywords: conservatism, Indonesia’s film industry, liberalisation, Reformation era, queer

Keyword :

conservatism, Indonesia’s film industry, liberalisation, Reformation era, queer,


References :

  1. Istanti, Kun Zachrun, (2001). Hikayat Amir Hamzah: Jejak dan Pengaruhnya dalam Kesusastraan Nusantara. 13 (1): 23–37. : Humaniora


   


Archive Article

Cover Media Content

Volume : 14 / No. : 1 / Pub. : 2014-01
  1. The construction of ideal masculinity through the consumption of popular culture by urban teenagers
  2. (the interpretation of dapunta hyang sri jayanasa’s ideal leadership in srivijaya era)
  3. The formation of colonial society in the philippines before the 20th century)
  4. Sexuality issues and the struggle for freedom of expression in post-new order’s indonesian film industry
  5. Signifying surabaya “green and clean” by students of urban islamic boarding schools
  6. “foreignization” dalam penulisan rambu petunjuk di pusat perbelanjaan di surabaya
  7. Coping with radicalism and terrorism in indonesia after the world trade center tragedy)
  8. Aesthetic taste in everyday clothing: a reflection of chinese women experiences
  9. (representation of gender roles in stories written by indonesian children writers in kkpk series)
  10. Social capital in conflict management after the 1999 ambon tragedy