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MOZAIK HUMANIORA

ISSN 2442-8469

Vol. 15 / No. 2 / Published : 2015-07

TOC : 1, and page :131 - 141

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Original Article :

The two faces of janus:revolution and violence in surabaya 1945-1949

Author :

  1. Adrian Perkasa*1
  1. Asia Reasearch Institute, National University of Singapore

Abstract :

Periode  Revolusi  khususnya  pascaproklamasi  kemerdekaan  17  Agustus  1945  menduduki  peran penting dalam sejarah Indonesia. Di Surabaya, yang menjadi batasan spasial penelitian ini, terjadi berbagai peristiwa yang berujung pada konflik pada bulan Oktober hingga November 1945. Peristiwa tersebut  kemudian  diabadikan  oleh  pemerintah  dan  ditetapkan  sebagai  Hari  Pahlawan.  Sebuah monumen didirikan oleh Presiden Soekarno yang kemudian dikenal dengan nama Tugu Pahlawan menjadi penanda tegas kepahlawanan mereka yang menjadi korban dalam konflik fisik di Surabaya. Tidak  bisa  dihindarkan  terdapat  kesan  sakralisasi  terhadap  periode  ini.  Memori  kolektif  yang diproduksi dan terus-menerus direproduksi seolah menempatkan sosok pahlawan sebagai orang yang  berjuang  dengan  mengangkat  senjata.  Periode  yang  penuh  konflik  dan  menggambarkan masa Revolusi ini tidak bisa tidak lekat dengan kekerasan. Penelitian ini berupaya memperlihatkan wajah kekerasan pada masa tersebut serta sejauh mana aparat resmi negara terlibat di dalamnya. Dengan  menggunakan  metode  penelitian  sejarah,  khususnya  pendekatan  sejarah  baru  atau  new history yang digagas oleh Alun Munslow, penelitian ini menggali historiografi Surabaya dan Jawa Timur  tentang  apa  yang  sesungguhnya  terjadi  pada  periode  Revolusi.  Keasyikan  para  pemuda yang didapatkan ketika berusaha menembaki orang-orang Belanda, Jepang, dan Tionghoa sebanyak mungkin seharusnya dimaknai sebagai wajah Revolusi yang memang berkelindan dengan kekerasan ibarat bermuka dua seperti Dewa Janus, bukan dengan reproduksi memori yang naif bahkan narsistis. Penelitian ini diharapkan dapat mengundang penelitian dalam topik serupa untuk menghasilkan interpretasi yang mungkin berbeda.Kata kunci: kekerasan, revolusi, Surabaya, sejarah baruAbstractRevolution period, particularly after the declaration of independence on August 17, 1945, occupies an important role in the history of Indonesia. In Surabaya, which is the spatial limitation of this study, there was a variety of events leading to the conflict in October and November 1945. The event was later commemorated by the government and designated as Heroes' Day. A monument was established by President Sukarno, which was then well-known as the Tugu Pahlawan, became a marker for the heroes being the victims of physical conflicts in Surabaya. There is undoubtedly impression of sanctification to this period. Collective memory was produced and has been continuously reproduced in such a way that the so-called heroes are those struggling with raised arms. Periods of conflict illustrating this  revolutionary  period  cannot  be  detached  from  violence.  This  study  aims  to  show  the  face  of violence in the period and the extent to which the official state apparatus was involved in it. By using the method of historical research, especially new history approach initiated by Alun Munslow, this study explores historiography of Surabaya and East Java about what actually happened in the period of the Revolution. The preoccupation of the youth when shooting at the Netherlands, Japanese, and Chinese should be interpreted as the face of the Revolution which is intertwined with violence like the two-faced Janus, instead of the naïve and narcissistic reproduction of memory. This study is expected to invite research in the same subject to confirm the finding or even offer new interpretations.Keywords: new history, revolution, Surabaya, violence

Keyword :

new history, revolution, Surabaya, violence,


References :

  1. Frederick, William, (2002). Shadows of an Unseen Hand: Some Patterns of Violence in the Indonesian Revolution 1945-1949. N/A : KITLV Press


   


Archive Article

Cover Media Content

Volume : 15 / No. : 2 / Pub. : 2015-07
  1. The two faces of janus:revolution and violence in surabaya 1945-1949
  2. The values of javanese culture in muslim family education in post-colonial surabaya
  3. The construction of women and genderin tarbiyah movements in state university campuses
  4. Iterative aspectuality of verb reduplications in javanese and their equivalents in english
  5. power and ambivalence: reading the indian women characters in aravind adiga’s the white tiger
  6. Harmony over dispute: javanese muslims’ perception on conversion following interfaith marriage
  7. Alcoholic drink as a necessary evil in surabaya 1900—1942
  8. Andrea hirata’s trajectory and strategy in indonesian literary arena
  9. Cyber media and masculinity norms of young adults in indonesia's post-reformation era
  10. racial representations of africans in chinese discourses