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Detail Article

Psychiatry Nursing Journal

ISSN 2355-4320

Vol. 3 / No. 2 / Published : 2014-10

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Original Article :

Analysis of factors associated with adolescent's decision making for smoking in grade xi sma 16 surabaya based on roger's diffusion of innovation theory

Author :

  1. Betsy Amelinda*1
  2. Hanik Endang N*2
  3. Praba Diyan Rachmawati*3
  1. Mahasiswa Fakultas Keperawatan
  2. Dosen Fakultas Keperawatan
  3. Dosen Fakultas Keperawatan

Abstract :

Introduction: Smoking behavior is often encountered in adolescence. The decisions made by teenagers to adopt smoking behavior can be influenced by several factors. This study analyzed factors that affect young people in the decision to smoke. Methods: This study was an analytic descriptive study using cross-sectional approach. Respondents in this study consisted of 186 students of grade XI, SMAN 16, Surabaya. Final data were analyzed using Spearman's rho correlation test with a positive result if p value < 0.05. Results and Analysis: The results of the study showed that knowledge had p = 0.00 with correlation coefficient of -0.384; attitude p = 0.00 with correlation coefficient -0.294; family behavior p = 0.02 with correlation coefficient 0.188; peer's behavior p = 0.00 with correlation coefficient 0.32; cigarette advertising p = 0.012 with correlation coefficient 0.185; necessity to affiliate p = 0.016  with correlation coefficient 0.176; need for achievement is p = 0.00 with correlation coefficient 0.314. Discussion and Conclusion: The decision to adopt smoking behavior among adolescents is influenced by knowledge of the dangers of smoking, attitudes towards adolescent smoking behavior, family behavior, peer's behavior, exposure to cigarette advertisement, need for affiliation, and need for achievement. This study is useful for health workers engaged in the community to increase healthy behavior in society, especially in adolescents.  

Keyword :

decision making, smoking, adolescents,

References :

  1. Berns, R.M, (2004). Child, Family, School, Community :Socialization and Support. Wadzworth. : Belmont
  2. Bienner, Michael B. Siegel, (2001). The Effectsof Exercise Advertising on Self-Efficacy and Decisional Balance. america : American Journal of Health Behavior.


Archive Article

Cover Media Content

Volume : 3 / No. : 2 / Pub. : 2014-10
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  2. Effect of baroque music therapy on attention changes in children with adhd (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) in skk (special needs school) bangun bangsa, surabaya
  3. Analysis of factors associated with adolescent's decision making for smoking in grade xi sma 16 surabaya based on roger's diffusion of innovation theory
  4. Analysis of factors related to mother’s compliance in providing gluten and casein-free diet for children with autism at skk bangun bangsa, surabaya
  5. The relation of mother’s readiness in caring for infant with anxiety of primiparous post partum women
  6. The relationship between child abuse behavior and temper tantrum level
  7. The Effect Of Active Music Therapy To Improvement Of Communication Skills For Children With Autism In Bangun Bangsa Surabaya Special Needs School