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Detail Article

Psychiatry Nursing Journal

ISSN 2355-4320

Vol. 1 / No. 1 / Published : 2012-11

TOC : 10, and page :97 - 108

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Original Article :

Play theraphy : cooperative play with puzzle increase socialization skill in children with mental retardation

Author :

  1. Sintia Hartika Wardhani*1
  1. Program Studi S1 Ilmu Keperawatan Fakultas Keperawatan Universitas Airlangga Kampus C Mulyorejo Surabaya

Abstract :

Introduction: Children with mental retardation have IQ score less than 70. This have caused them to have limitations in cognitive skills, verbal skills, motoric skills, and socialization skills. One of the ways to improve their socialization skills was play theraphy: cooperative play with puzzle. Method: Design used in this study was quasy experimental design. The population were the first to the fourth grade of the elementary students of SLB Al – Hidayah, Mejayan. The samples were gathered by using purposive sampling method consisted of 12 respondents based on the inclusion criteria which were divided into control and experimental groups. The independent variable was play theraphy: cooperative play with puzzle and the dependent variable was socialization skills of children with mental retardation. The data observation was collected and analyzed by using Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test and Mann Whitney U Test with significance of α = 0.05. Result: Results showed that there was a difference of socialization skills before and after the intervention on the experimental group (p = 0.027). However,  there was no significant difference on socialization skills before and after the intervention in children with mental retardation on the control group (p = 0.102), which can be meant that play therapy using cooperative play with puzzle can improve the socilazation skills in children with mental retardation (p = 0.036). Discussion: It can be concluded that play theraphy: cooperative play with puzzle can improve socialization skills in children with mental retardation. For further research can be given play theraphy: cooperative play with puzzle in regularly and continuosly way in smaller groups.

Keyword :

play theraphy, cooperative play, puzzle, socialization skills, children with mental retardation,


References :

  1. Hurlock, E. B, (2005). Perkembangan Anak Jilid 1 Edisi Keenam. Jakarta : Erlangga.


   


Archive Article

Cover Media Content

Volume : 1 / No. : 1 / Pub. : 2012-11
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  2. Play theraphy : cooperative play with puzzle increase socialization skill in children with mental retardation
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  4. The inovation of outbound to increase gross motor development on preschool children
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  6. The innovation of klip-klop card game to improve language development in preschool children (4-5 years old)
  7. Analysis of factors related to mental disorder incidents at paringan village
  8. Description of factors that influence to diarrhea incident on school age children in sukorejo elementary school blitar
  9. paper yoys therapy improve fine and gross motor skills of mental retardation children
  10. Play theraphy : cooperative play with puzzle increase socialization skill in children with mental retardation