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Depart. Rehab Medik FK UA

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Vol. 2 / No. 1 / Published : 2013-04

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Original Article :

Effect of low impact aerobic exercise on functional balance and quality of life in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients

Author :

  1. Peni Hardjanti*1
  2. Bayu Santoso*2
  3. Nuniek Nugraheni*3
  4. Agung Pranoto*4
  1. Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Dr. Soetomo General Hospital Surabaya Indonesia
  2. Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Dr. Soetomo General Hospital Surabaya Indonesia
  3. Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Dr. Soetomo General Hospital Surabaya Indonesia
  4. Department of Internal Medicine, Dr. Soetomo General Hospital Surabaya Indonesia

Abstract :

Objectives: To determine the effect of low impact aerobic exercise on functional balance and the quality of life in type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DM) patients. Methods: This is an experimental study. Participants were recruited from outpatient Diabetes Clinic in Dr. Soetomo General Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia. Subjects of this study are men and women aged 30-70 years whose diagnosed with type 2 DM, with A 1c less than 10%, have been using oral anti diabetic drug or subcutaneous insulin less than 30 IU daily, blood glucose level before exercise less than 250 mg%, and Berg Balance Scale between 41-56. Subjects were randomized into 2 groups with 38 subjects in the exercise group and 37 in the control group. The exercise group followed 25-30 minutes diabetic aerobic low impact exercise 3 times a week for 3 months, while the control group did not. Functional balance and quality of life before and after exercise were assessed using Berg Balance Scale (BBS) and Sickness Impact Profile (SIP) questionnaire. Difference in BBS and quality of life improvement measured by SIP questionnaire were analyzed after 3 months of exercise. Results: Mann Whitney test showed significant difference of total score of BBS in the exercise group (p 0.02; α < 0.05). Chi Square test revealed significant improvement in four of the twelve parameters of (A) (p 0.001), and work (W) (p 0.000) in the exercise group. Conclusions: Low impact aerobic exercise in type 2 Diabetes Mellitus patients may improve functional balance ant the SR, BCM, A, and W parameters of the quality of life.

Keyword :

Low impact aerobic exercise, type 2 diabetic mellitus, functional balance, quality of life,


References :

  1. Low PA, (2005). Pathogenesis of Diabetic Neuropathy. In : Joslin's Diabetes Mellitus. 14th ed.. Philadelphia : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
  2. Steppel JH, Horton ES, (2005). Exercise in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus. In : Joslin's Diabetes Mellitus. 14th ed.. Philadelphia : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
  3. Mardi S, Utoyo S, (2006). Olahraga pada Penderita Diabetes Mellitus. Senam Diabetes Indonesia. Persatuan Diabetes Indonesia Seri 3. Jakarta : Yayasan Diabetes Indonesia
  4. Soetardjo, (1991). Diagnosis dan Klasifikasi Diabetes Mellitus. In: Buku Ajar Ilmu Penyakit Dalam. 2nd ed.. Jakarta : Balai Penerbit FK UI
  5. Felshental G, Lehman JA, Stein BD, (2000). Principles of Geriatric Rehabilitation. In: Braddom RL, Buschbacher RM, Dumitru D, Johnson EW, Matthews DJ, Sinaki M, editors. Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 2nd ed.. Philadelphia : W.B. Saunders Company


   


Archive Article

Cover Media Content

Volume : 2 / No. : 1 / Pub. : 2012-04
  1. Case report: a comprehensive rehabilitation management of post operative idiophatic adolescent scoliosis
  2. Effect of low impact aerobic exercise on functional balance and quality of life in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients