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Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi FST

ISSN 2303-3428

Vol. 3 / No. 1 / Published : 2015-01

TOC : 28, and page :28 - 36

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Original Article :

Biosistematika varietas pada jambu biji (psidium guajava l.) melalui pendekatan morfologi di agrowisata bhakti alam nongkojajar, pasuruan

Author :

  1. SHERLY OCHTAVIA*1
  2. Hamidah*2
  3. Junairiah*3
  1. Mahasiswa Fakultas Sains dan Teknologi
  2. Dosen Fakultas Sains dan Teknologi
  3. Dosen Fakultas Sains dan Teknologi

Abstract :

The objective of this research are to know the diversity or morphological, to know fenetic relationship among members of variety Psidium guajava L. based on morphological approach characters and morphological character that affects the classification of these guava. This research was run in Agrowisata Bhakti Alam Nongkojajar, Pasuruan. In this research, there were 6 varieties from species Psidium guajava L., those were variety of Getas Merah, Kristal, Lokal, Sukun Farang, Pear, and Sukun Merah. Parts of the plants to be studied are 60 characters of morphological plant, including stature, stem, leaves, flower, and fruit. This was an observational research. According to the result of description analysis there were obtained diversity of characteristic morphological from guava. According to the analysis used phenetic method by SPSS program there were a dendrogram that resulted two groups of guava: group A and group B with 28,3% similarity value. Group A consisted variety of Sukun Farang, and group B consisted of group C and group D with 32,2% similarity value. Group C with 47,2% consisted variety of Getas Merah and Pear. Group D consisted variety of Sukun Merah with 33,2% similarity value and group E consisted variety of Kristal and Lokal with 50,2% similarity value. According to the result of PCA (Principal Component Analysis), characters that affect the grouping of variety of guava such as: stem shape, the color of the bottom surface of flower petals, the average width of petals, color stamens (stalk), long stamens, color pistil (stigma), long pistil, the distance between the veins, distance between nodes, the color of the upper surface of flower petals, color pistil (stigma stalk), leaf density, diameter stem, peeling-crust, shape leaf, wide petals, surface of fruit, the color of the fruit surface.

Keyword :

Psidium guajava L.,


References :

  1. Ambarsari, I., Abdul, C., dan Syamsul Bhri,, (2007). Potensi Pengembangan Agroindustri Jambu Biji Merah di Kabupaten Banjarnegara.. Vol 5 no 1, Juni 2007. Hal 31-40 : Jurnal Litbang Provinsi Jawa Tengah.
  2. Gill, J. and Cubero, J.I, (1993). Multivariate Analysis of The Vicia sativa L. aggregate,. Vol 113, Issue 4, pages 389-400 : Botanical Journal of The Linnean Society,
  3. Suratman, D. P., dan Setyawan, A.D., (2000). Analisis Keragaman Genus Ipomomea Berdasarkan Karakter Morfologi. 1(2):72-79 : Jurnal Biodiversitas


   


Archive Article

Cover Media Content

Volume : 3 / No. : 1 / Pub. : 2015-01
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