Vol. 1 / No. 3 / Published : 2000-12
Original Article :
Efek ketentuan afta bagi perekonomian nasional indonesia dikaitkan dengan sistem gatt/wto*
This research was conducted to examine the efect of ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA) to Indonesian economic national. It also researched the corelation of AFTA to the GATT / WTO system.In 1992, the members of ASEAN established ASEAN Free Trade Area. It was argued that a Free Trade Area (FTA) would create a trade diversion to the members of the FTA and stimultaneously could impede the international trade. Initially, FTA was a deviation of GATT / WTO system.The result of this study showed that GATT / WTO system recognized the existence of FTA through article XXIV (par.4) GATT.However, the Contracting Parties (GATT / WTO) admitted that the purpose of a custom union or FTA should facilitate trade between the constituent territory and not to rise barriers to trade of other Contracting Parties with such territories.In terms of Indonesian economic, AFTA will increase the volume of international investment in Indonesia. Besides, it can create the competitive advantage of Indonesian products to compete and win the competition in globalization era.
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